Final results of magnetic monopole searches with the MACRO experiment: The MACRO collaboration

M. Ambrosio, R. Antolini, G. Auriemma, D. Bakari, A. Baldini, G. C. Barbarino, B. C. Barish, G. Battistoni, Y. Becherini, R. Bellotti, C. Bemporad, P. Bernardini, H. Bilokon, C. Bloise, C. Bower, M. Brigida, S. Bussino, F. Cafagna, M. Calicchio, D. CampanaM. Carboni, R. Caruso, S. Cecchini, F. Cei, V. Chiarella, T. Chiarusi, B. C. Choudhary, S. Coutu, M. Cozzi, G. de Cataldo, H. Dekhissi, C. de Marzo, I. de Mitri, J. Derkaoui, M. de Vincenzi, A. Di Credico, O. Erriquez, C. Favuzzi, C. Forti, P. Fusco, G. Giacomelli, G. Giannini, N. Giglietto, M. Giorgini, M. Grassi, A. Grillo, F. Guarino, C. Gustavino, A. Habig, K. Hanson, R. Heinz, E. Iarocci, E. Katsavounidis, I. Katsavounidis, E. Kearns, H. Kim, S. Kyriazopoulou, A. Kumar, E. Lamanna, C. Lane, D. S. Levin, P. Lipari, N. P. Longley, M. J. Longo, F. Loparco, F. Maaroufi, G. Mancarella, G. Mandrioli, S. Manzoor, A. Margiotta, A. Marini, D. Martello, A. Marzari-Chiesa, D. Matteuzzi, M. N. Mazziotta, D. G. Michael, P. Monacelli, T. Montaruli, M. Monteno, S. Mufson, J. Musser, D. Nicolò, R. Nolty, C. Orth, G. Osteria, O. Palamara, V. Patera, L. Patrizii, R. Pazzi, C. W. Peck, L. Perrone, S. Petrera, P. Pistilli, V. Popa, A. Rainò, J. Reynoldson, F. Ronga, A. Rrhioua, C. Satriano, E. Scapparone, K. Scholberg, A. Sciubba, P. Serra, M. Sioli, G. Sirri, M. Sitta, P. Spinelli, M. Spinetti, M. Spurio, R. Steinberg, J. L. Stone, L. R. Sulak, A. Surdo, G. Tarlè, V. Togo, M. Vakili, C. W. Walter, R. Webb

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Abstract

We present the final results obtained by the MACRO experiment in the search for GUT magnetic monopoles in the penetrating cosmic radiation, for the range 4 × 10-5 < β < 1. Several searches with all the MACRO sub-detectors (i.e. scintillation counters, limited streamer tubes and nuclear track detectors) were performed, both in stand alone and combined ways. No candidates were detected and a 90% Confidence Level (C.L.) upper limit to the local magnetic monopole flux was set at the level of 1.4 × 10-16 cm-2 s-1 sr-1. This result is the first experimental limit obtained in direct searches which is well below the Parker bound in the whole β range in which GUT magnetic monopoles are expected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)511-522
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Physical Journal C
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2002

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Ambrosio, M., Antolini, R., Auriemma, G., Bakari, D., Baldini, A., Barbarino, G. C., Barish, B. C., Battistoni, G., Becherini, Y., Bellotti, R., Bemporad, C., Bernardini, P., Bilokon, H., Bloise, C., Bower, C., Brigida, M., Bussino, S., Cafagna, F., Calicchio, M., ... Webb, R. (2002). Final results of magnetic monopole searches with the MACRO experiment: The MACRO collaboration. European Physical Journal C, 25(4), 511-522. https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s2002-01046-9