Final results of magnetic monopole searches with the MACRO experiment: The MACRO collaboration

M. Ambrosio, R. Antolini, G. Auriemma, D. Bakari, A. Baldini, G. C. Barbarino, B. C. Barish, G. Battistoni, Y. Becherini, R. Bellotti, C. Bemporad, P. Bernardini, H. Bilokon, C. Bloise, C. Bower, M. Brigida, S. Bussino, F. Cafagna, M. Calicchio, D. CampanaM. Carboni, R. Caruso, S. Cecchini, F. Cei, V. Chiarella, T. Chiarusi, B. C. Choudhary, Stephane Coutu, M. Cozzi, G. de Cataldo, H. Dekhissi, C. de Marzo, I. de Mitri, J. Derkaoui, M. de Vincenzi, A. Di Credico, O. Erriquez, C. Favuzzi, C. Forti, P. Fusco, G. Giacomelli, G. Giannini, N. Giglietto, M. Giorgini, M. Grassi, A. Grillo, F. Guarino, C. Gustavino, A. Habig, K. Hanson, R. Heinz, E. Iarocci, E. Katsavounidis, I. Katsavounidis, E. Kearns, H. Kim, S. Kyriazopoulou, A. Kumar, E. Lamanna, C. Lane, D. S. Levin, P. Lipari, N. P. Longley, M. J. Longo, F. Loparco, F. Maaroufi, G. Mancarella, G. Mandrioli, S. Manzoor, A. Margiotta, A. Marini, D. Martello, A. Marzari-Chiesa, D. Matteuzzi, M. N. Mazziotta, D. G. Michael, P. Monacelli, T. Montaruli, M. Monteno, S. Mufson, J. Musser, D. Nicolò, R. Nolty, C. Orth, G. Osteria, O. Palamara, V. Patera, L. Patrizii, R. Pazzi, C. W. Peck, L. Perrone, S. Petrera, P. Pistilli, V. Popa, A. Rainò, J. Reynoldson, F. Ronga, A. Rrhioua, C. Satriano, E. Scapparone, K. Scholberg, A. Sciubba, P. Serra, M. Sioli, G. Sirri, M. Sitta, P. Spinelli, M. Spinetti, M. Spurio, R. Steinberg, J. L. Stone, L. R. Sulak, A. Surdo, G. Tarlè, V. Togo, M. Vakili, C. W. Walter, R. Webb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

141 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the final results obtained by the MACRO experiment in the search for GUT magnetic monopoles in the penetrating cosmic radiation, for the range 4 × 10-5 < β < 1. Several searches with all the MACRO sub-detectors (i.e. scintillation counters, limited streamer tubes and nuclear track detectors) were performed, both in stand alone and combined ways. No candidates were detected and a 90% Confidence Level (C.L.) upper limit to the local magnetic monopole flux was set at the level of 1.4 × 10-16 cm-2 s-1 sr-1. This result is the first experimental limit obtained in direct searches which is well below the Parker bound in the whole β range in which GUT magnetic monopoles are expected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)511-522
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Physical Journal C
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2002

Fingerprint

magnetic monopoles
grand unified theory
Detectors
Scintillation counters
Cosmic rays
Experiments
detectors
Fluxes
scintillation counters
confidence
cosmic rays
tubes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Ambrosio, M., Antolini, R., Auriemma, G., Bakari, D., Baldini, A., Barbarino, G. C., ... Webb, R. (2002). Final results of magnetic monopole searches with the MACRO experiment: The MACRO collaboration. European Physical Journal C, 25(4), 511-522. https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s2002-01046-9
Ambrosio, M. ; Antolini, R. ; Auriemma, G. ; Bakari, D. ; Baldini, A. ; Barbarino, G. C. ; Barish, B. C. ; Battistoni, G. ; Becherini, Y. ; Bellotti, R. ; Bemporad, C. ; Bernardini, P. ; Bilokon, H. ; Bloise, C. ; Bower, C. ; Brigida, M. ; Bussino, S. ; Cafagna, F. ; Calicchio, M. ; Campana, D. ; Carboni, M. ; Caruso, R. ; Cecchini, S. ; Cei, F. ; Chiarella, V. ; Chiarusi, T. ; Choudhary, B. C. ; Coutu, Stephane ; Cozzi, M. ; de Cataldo, G. ; Dekhissi, H. ; de Marzo, C. ; de Mitri, I. ; Derkaoui, J. ; de Vincenzi, M. ; Di Credico, A. ; Erriquez, O. ; Favuzzi, C. ; Forti, C. ; Fusco, P. ; Giacomelli, G. ; Giannini, G. ; Giglietto, N. ; Giorgini, M. ; Grassi, M. ; Grillo, A. ; Guarino, F. ; Gustavino, C. ; Habig, A. ; Hanson, K. ; Heinz, R. ; Iarocci, E. ; Katsavounidis, E. ; Katsavounidis, I. ; Kearns, E. ; Kim, H. ; Kyriazopoulou, S. ; Kumar, A. ; Lamanna, E. ; Lane, C. ; Levin, D. S. ; Lipari, P. ; Longley, N. P. ; Longo, M. J. ; Loparco, F. ; Maaroufi, F. ; Mancarella, G. ; Mandrioli, G. ; Manzoor, S. ; Margiotta, A. ; Marini, A. ; Martello, D. ; Marzari-Chiesa, A. ; Matteuzzi, D. ; Mazziotta, M. N. ; Michael, D. G. ; Monacelli, P. ; Montaruli, T. ; Monteno, M. ; Mufson, S. ; Musser, J. ; Nicolò, D. ; Nolty, R. ; Orth, C. ; Osteria, G. ; Palamara, O. ; Patera, V. ; Patrizii, L. ; Pazzi, R. ; Peck, C. W. ; Perrone, L. ; Petrera, S. ; Pistilli, P. ; Popa, V. ; Rainò, A. ; Reynoldson, J. ; Ronga, F. ; Rrhioua, A. ; Satriano, C. ; Scapparone, E. ; Scholberg, K. ; Sciubba, A. ; Serra, P. ; Sioli, M. ; Sirri, G. ; Sitta, M. ; Spinelli, P. ; Spinetti, M. ; Spurio, M. ; Steinberg, R. ; Stone, J. L. ; Sulak, L. R. ; Surdo, A. ; Tarlè, G. ; Togo, V. ; Vakili, M. ; Walter, C. W. ; Webb, R. / Final results of magnetic monopole searches with the MACRO experiment : The MACRO collaboration. In: European Physical Journal C. 2002 ; Vol. 25, No. 4. pp. 511-522.
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Ambrosio, M, Antolini, R, Auriemma, G, Bakari, D, Baldini, A, Barbarino, GC, Barish, BC, Battistoni, G, Becherini, Y, Bellotti, R, Bemporad, C, Bernardini, P, Bilokon, H, Bloise, C, Bower, C, Brigida, M, Bussino, S, Cafagna, F, Calicchio, M, Campana, D, Carboni, M, Caruso, R, Cecchini, S, Cei, F, Chiarella, V, Chiarusi, T, Choudhary, BC, Coutu, S, Cozzi, M, de Cataldo, G, Dekhissi, H, de Marzo, C, de Mitri, I, Derkaoui, J, de Vincenzi, M, Di Credico, A, Erriquez, O, Favuzzi, C, Forti, C, Fusco, P, Giacomelli, G, Giannini, G, Giglietto, N, Giorgini, M, Grassi, M, Grillo, A, Guarino, F, Gustavino, C, Habig, A, Hanson, K, Heinz, R, Iarocci, E, Katsavounidis, E, Katsavounidis, I, Kearns, E, Kim, H, Kyriazopoulou, S, Kumar, A, Lamanna, E, Lane, C, Levin, DS, Lipari, P, Longley, NP, Longo, MJ, Loparco, F, Maaroufi, F, Mancarella, G, Mandrioli, G, Manzoor, S, Margiotta, A, Marini, A, Martello, D, Marzari-Chiesa, A, Matteuzzi, D, Mazziotta, MN, Michael, DG, Monacelli, P, Montaruli, T, Monteno, M, Mufson, S, Musser, J, Nicolò, D, Nolty, R, Orth, C, Osteria, G, Palamara, O, Patera, V, Patrizii, L, Pazzi, R, Peck, CW, Perrone, L, Petrera, S, Pistilli, P, Popa, V, Rainò, A, Reynoldson, J, Ronga, F, Rrhioua, A, Satriano, C, Scapparone, E, Scholberg, K, Sciubba, A, Serra, P, Sioli, M, Sirri, G, Sitta, M, Spinelli, P, Spinetti, M, Spurio, M, Steinberg, R, Stone, JL, Sulak, LR, Surdo, A, Tarlè, G, Togo, V, Vakili, M, Walter, CW & Webb, R 2002, 'Final results of magnetic monopole searches with the MACRO experiment: The MACRO collaboration', European Physical Journal C, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 511-522. https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s2002-01046-9

Final results of magnetic monopole searches with the MACRO experiment : The MACRO collaboration. / Ambrosio, M.; Antolini, R.; Auriemma, G.; Bakari, D.; Baldini, A.; Barbarino, G. C.; Barish, B. C.; Battistoni, G.; Becherini, Y.; Bellotti, R.; Bemporad, C.; Bernardini, P.; Bilokon, H.; Bloise, C.; Bower, C.; Brigida, M.; Bussino, S.; Cafagna, F.; Calicchio, M.; Campana, D.; Carboni, M.; Caruso, R.; Cecchini, S.; Cei, F.; Chiarella, V.; Chiarusi, T.; Choudhary, B. C.; Coutu, Stephane; Cozzi, M.; de Cataldo, G.; Dekhissi, H.; de Marzo, C.; de Mitri, I.; Derkaoui, J.; de Vincenzi, M.; Di Credico, A.; Erriquez, O.; Favuzzi, C.; Forti, C.; Fusco, P.; Giacomelli, G.; Giannini, G.; Giglietto, N.; Giorgini, M.; Grassi, M.; Grillo, A.; Guarino, F.; Gustavino, C.; Habig, A.; Hanson, K.; Heinz, R.; Iarocci, E.; Katsavounidis, E.; Katsavounidis, I.; Kearns, E.; Kim, H.; Kyriazopoulou, S.; Kumar, A.; Lamanna, E.; Lane, C.; Levin, D. S.; Lipari, P.; Longley, N. P.; Longo, M. J.; Loparco, F.; Maaroufi, F.; Mancarella, G.; Mandrioli, G.; Manzoor, S.; Margiotta, A.; Marini, A.; Martello, D.; Marzari-Chiesa, A.; Matteuzzi, D.; Mazziotta, M. N.; Michael, D. G.; Monacelli, P.; Montaruli, T.; Monteno, M.; Mufson, S.; Musser, J.; Nicolò, D.; Nolty, R.; Orth, C.; Osteria, G.; Palamara, O.; Patera, V.; Patrizii, L.; Pazzi, R.; Peck, C. W.; Perrone, L.; Petrera, S.; Pistilli, P.; Popa, V.; Rainò, A.; Reynoldson, J.; Ronga, F.; Rrhioua, A.; Satriano, C.; Scapparone, E.; Scholberg, K.; Sciubba, A.; Serra, P.; Sioli, M.; Sirri, G.; Sitta, M.; Spinelli, P.; Spinetti, M.; Spurio, M.; Steinberg, R.; Stone, J. L.; Sulak, L. R.; Surdo, A.; Tarlè, G.; Togo, V.; Vakili, M.; Walter, C. W.; Webb, R.

In: European Physical Journal C, Vol. 25, No. 4, 01.11.2002, p. 511-522.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Final results of magnetic monopole searches with the MACRO experiment

T2 - The MACRO collaboration

AU - Ambrosio, M.

AU - Antolini, R.

AU - Auriemma, G.

AU - Bakari, D.

AU - Baldini, A.

AU - Barbarino, G. C.

AU - Barish, B. C.

AU - Battistoni, G.

AU - Becherini, Y.

AU - Bellotti, R.

AU - Bemporad, C.

AU - Bernardini, P.

AU - Bilokon, H.

AU - Bloise, C.

AU - Bower, C.

AU - Brigida, M.

AU - Bussino, S.

AU - Cafagna, F.

AU - Calicchio, M.

AU - Campana, D.

AU - Carboni, M.

AU - Caruso, R.

AU - Cecchini, S.

AU - Cei, F.

AU - Chiarella, V.

AU - Chiarusi, T.

AU - Choudhary, B. C.

AU - Coutu, Stephane

AU - Cozzi, M.

AU - de Cataldo, G.

AU - Dekhissi, H.

AU - de Marzo, C.

AU - de Mitri, I.

AU - Derkaoui, J.

AU - de Vincenzi, M.

AU - Di Credico, A.

AU - Erriquez, O.

AU - Favuzzi, C.

AU - Forti, C.

AU - Fusco, P.

AU - Giacomelli, G.

AU - Giannini, G.

AU - Giglietto, N.

AU - Giorgini, M.

AU - Grassi, M.

AU - Grillo, A.

AU - Guarino, F.

AU - Gustavino, C.

AU - Habig, A.

AU - Hanson, K.

AU - Heinz, R.

AU - Iarocci, E.

AU - Katsavounidis, E.

AU - Katsavounidis, I.

AU - Kearns, E.

AU - Kim, H.

AU - Kyriazopoulou, S.

AU - Kumar, A.

AU - Lamanna, E.

AU - Lane, C.

AU - Levin, D. S.

AU - Lipari, P.

AU - Longley, N. P.

AU - Longo, M. J.

AU - Loparco, F.

AU - Maaroufi, F.

AU - Mancarella, G.

AU - Mandrioli, G.

AU - Manzoor, S.

AU - Margiotta, A.

AU - Marini, A.

AU - Martello, D.

AU - Marzari-Chiesa, A.

AU - Matteuzzi, D.

AU - Mazziotta, M. N.

AU - Michael, D. G.

AU - Monacelli, P.

AU - Montaruli, T.

AU - Monteno, M.

AU - Mufson, S.

AU - Musser, J.

AU - Nicolò, D.

AU - Nolty, R.

AU - Orth, C.

AU - Osteria, G.

AU - Palamara, O.

AU - Patera, V.

AU - Patrizii, L.

AU - Pazzi, R.

AU - Peck, C. W.

AU - Perrone, L.

AU - Petrera, S.

AU - Pistilli, P.

AU - Popa, V.

AU - Rainò, A.

AU - Reynoldson, J.

AU - Ronga, F.

AU - Rrhioua, A.

AU - Satriano, C.

AU - Scapparone, E.

AU - Scholberg, K.

AU - Sciubba, A.

AU - Serra, P.

AU - Sioli, M.

AU - Sirri, G.

AU - Sitta, M.

AU - Spinelli, P.

AU - Spinetti, M.

AU - Spurio, M.

AU - Steinberg, R.

AU - Stone, J. L.

AU - Sulak, L. R.

AU - Surdo, A.

AU - Tarlè, G.

AU - Togo, V.

AU - Vakili, M.

AU - Walter, C. W.

AU - Webb, R.

PY - 2002/11/1

Y1 - 2002/11/1

N2 - We present the final results obtained by the MACRO experiment in the search for GUT magnetic monopoles in the penetrating cosmic radiation, for the range 4 × 10-5 < β < 1. Several searches with all the MACRO sub-detectors (i.e. scintillation counters, limited streamer tubes and nuclear track detectors) were performed, both in stand alone and combined ways. No candidates were detected and a 90% Confidence Level (C.L.) upper limit to the local magnetic monopole flux was set at the level of 1.4 × 10-16 cm-2 s-1 sr-1. This result is the first experimental limit obtained in direct searches which is well below the Parker bound in the whole β range in which GUT magnetic monopoles are expected.

AB - We present the final results obtained by the MACRO experiment in the search for GUT magnetic monopoles in the penetrating cosmic radiation, for the range 4 × 10-5 < β < 1. Several searches with all the MACRO sub-detectors (i.e. scintillation counters, limited streamer tubes and nuclear track detectors) were performed, both in stand alone and combined ways. No candidates were detected and a 90% Confidence Level (C.L.) upper limit to the local magnetic monopole flux was set at the level of 1.4 × 10-16 cm-2 s-1 sr-1. This result is the first experimental limit obtained in direct searches which is well below the Parker bound in the whole β range in which GUT magnetic monopoles are expected.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0036878228&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0036878228&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1140/epjc/s2002-01046-9

DO - 10.1140/epjc/s2002-01046-9

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0036878228

VL - 25

SP - 511

EP - 522

JO - European Physical Journal C

JF - European Physical Journal C

SN - 1434-6044

IS - 4

ER -