Finite element modeling of compressor blade leading edge curl, erosion and deformation

George M. Slota, Douglas Edward Wolfe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Leading edge curl is a deformation phenomenon that has been observed to occur on the first 250-750 microns of the leading edge of compressor blades in jet turbine aircraft. It is especially prevalent for aircraft operating in sandy or dusty environments. This deformation affects the aerodynamic properties of the blade, causing decreases in engine performance and time between required maintenance. The purpose of this work was to recreate leading edge curl using finite element methods with two and three dimensional blade models. A variety of simulation parameters were tested, including the impacting particles' diameter, velocity, and angle of impingement. The resulting blade deformations produced from these simulations were examined for their resemblance to observed curl on fielded components based off of their measured deformation shape and magnitude. From this research, it was determined that particles of 300 microns and smaller in diameter do not have sufficient energy to plastically deform the tested blade in the absence of erosion. In comparison, larger particles of about 1000 microns are capable of causing blade deformation in the absence of erosion with as few as 1-5 particle impacts. Additionally, impact angles between 30-45 degrees resulted in curl deformation most closely resembling that observed on fielded components. This research offers new insight into the leading edge curl phenomenon and provides a basis for future work in which preventative methods for curling could be simulated and tested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDesign, Development, and Applications of Structural Ceramics, Composites, and Nanomaterials - A Collection of Papers Presented at the 10th Pacific Rim Conf. on Ceramic and Glass Technol., PacRim 2013
PublisherAmerican Ceramic Society
Pages127-142
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9781118770948
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Event10th Pacific Rim Conference on Ceramic and Glass Technology, PacRim 2013 - Coronado, CA, United States
Duration: Jun 2 2013Jun 6 2013

Publication series

NameCeramic Transactions
Volume244
ISSN (Print)1042-1122

Other

Other10th Pacific Rim Conference on Ceramic and Glass Technology, PacRim 2013
CountryUnited States
CityCoronado, CA
Period6/2/136/6/13

Fingerprint

Turbomachine blades
Compressors
Erosion
Aircraft
Aerodynamics
Turbines
Engines
Finite element method

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Slota, G. M., & Wolfe, D. E. (2014). Finite element modeling of compressor blade leading edge curl, erosion and deformation. In Design, Development, and Applications of Structural Ceramics, Composites, and Nanomaterials - A Collection of Papers Presented at the 10th Pacific Rim Conf. on Ceramic and Glass Technol., PacRim 2013 (pp. 127-142). (Ceramic Transactions; Vol. 244). American Ceramic Society.
Slota, George M. ; Wolfe, Douglas Edward. / Finite element modeling of compressor blade leading edge curl, erosion and deformation. Design, Development, and Applications of Structural Ceramics, Composites, and Nanomaterials - A Collection of Papers Presented at the 10th Pacific Rim Conf. on Ceramic and Glass Technol., PacRim 2013. American Ceramic Society, 2014. pp. 127-142 (Ceramic Transactions).
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Slota, GM & Wolfe, DE 2014, Finite element modeling of compressor blade leading edge curl, erosion and deformation. in Design, Development, and Applications of Structural Ceramics, Composites, and Nanomaterials - A Collection of Papers Presented at the 10th Pacific Rim Conf. on Ceramic and Glass Technol., PacRim 2013. Ceramic Transactions, vol. 244, American Ceramic Society, pp. 127-142, 10th Pacific Rim Conference on Ceramic and Glass Technology, PacRim 2013, Coronado, CA, United States, 6/2/13.

Finite element modeling of compressor blade leading edge curl, erosion and deformation. / Slota, George M.; Wolfe, Douglas Edward.

Design, Development, and Applications of Structural Ceramics, Composites, and Nanomaterials - A Collection of Papers Presented at the 10th Pacific Rim Conf. on Ceramic and Glass Technol., PacRim 2013. American Ceramic Society, 2014. p. 127-142 (Ceramic Transactions; Vol. 244).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Slota GM, Wolfe DE. Finite element modeling of compressor blade leading edge curl, erosion and deformation. In Design, Development, and Applications of Structural Ceramics, Composites, and Nanomaterials - A Collection of Papers Presented at the 10th Pacific Rim Conf. on Ceramic and Glass Technol., PacRim 2013. American Ceramic Society. 2014. p. 127-142. (Ceramic Transactions).