A series of fire tests on eight circular tubed steel reinforced concrete (CTSRC)stub columns subjected to axial loading are presented in this paper. The influences of load level and steel tube thickness on the fire resistance of the CTSRC stub columns were investigated. Two similar specimens were tested with the same test scenario to obtain more reasonable data. The temperatures in steel and concrete, axial displacement, fire resistance, and failure mode were recorded and discussed. The test results show that the load level has a great influence on the fire resistance of CTSRC stub columns. The steel tube thickness has a significant influence on the fire resistance of CTSRC stub columns when subjected to a higher load level. Thermal and structural finite element (FE)models were developed to analyze the temperature distributions and fire responses of CTSRC stub columns by employing the program ABAQUS. These developed models were validated by the test data. Extensive parametric studies were carried out by using the FE method to investigate the influences of key factors on the temperature distributions and fire resistances of CTSRC stub columns. The factors considered for thermal analysis include cross-sectional dimension, steel tube thickness, and concrete type, while the factors considered for structural analysis include load ratio, cross-sectional dimension, steel tube thickness, concrete strength, and steel strength. The parametric studies indicate that the cross-sectional dimension has a more significant influence than the steel tube thickness on the temperature magnitudes of CTSRC stub columns. The load ratio, cross-sectional dimension, and steel tube thickness have more significant influence than concrete strength on the fire resistance of CTSRC stub columns. Based on the results of the parametric studies, a simplified method to predict the steel temperatures and the compressive load bearing capacities of CTSRC stub columns exposed to fire is proposed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Mechanics of Materials
- Metals and Alloys