FIRST EXPERIENCES with A NOVEL FARMER CITIZEN SCIENCE APPROACH: CROWDSOURCING PARTICIPATORY VARIETY SELECTION THROUGH ON-FARM TRIADIC COMPARISONS of TECHNOLOGIES (TRICOT)

Jacob Van Etten, Eskender Beza, Lluís Calderer, Kees Van Duijvendijk, Carlo Fadda, Basazen Fantahun, Yosef Gebrehawaryat Kidane, Jeske Van De Gevel, Arnab Gupta, Dejene Kassahun Mengistu, D. A.N. Kiambi, Prem Narain Mathur, Leida Mercado, Sarika Mittra, Margaret J. Mollel, Juan Carlos Rosas, Jonathan Steinke, Jose Gabriel Suchini, Karl Stephen Zimmerer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rapid climatic and socio-economic changes challenge current agricultural R&D capacity. The necessary quantum leap in knowledge generation should build on the innovation capacity of farmers themselves. A novel citizen science methodology, triadic comparisons of technologies or tricot, was implemented in pilot studies in India, East Africa, and Central America. The methodology involves distributing a pool of agricultural technologies in different combinations of three to individual farmers who observe these technologies under farm conditions and compare their performance. Since the combinations of three technologies overlap, statistical methods can piece together the overall performance ranking of the complete pool of technologies. The tricot approach affords wide scaling, as the distribution of trial packages and instruction sessions is relatively easy to execute, farmers do not need to be organized in collaborative groups, and feedback is easy to collect, even by phone. The tricot approach provides interpretable, meaningful results and was widely accepted by farmers. The methodology underwent improvement in data input formats. A number of methodological issues remain: integrating environmental analysis, capturing gender-specific differences, stimulating farmers' motivation, and supporting implementation with an integrated digital platform. Future studies should apply the tricot approach to a wider range of technologies, quantify its potential contribution to climate adaptation, and embed the approach in appropriate institutions and business models, empowering participants and democratizing science.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-296
Number of pages22
JournalExperimental Agriculture
Volume55
Issue numberS1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

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farmers
farms
environmental assessment
Eastern Africa
Central America
socioeconomics
statistical analysis
methodology
climate
India
gender

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Van Etten, Jacob ; Beza, Eskender ; Calderer, Lluís ; Van Duijvendijk, Kees ; Fadda, Carlo ; Fantahun, Basazen ; Kidane, Yosef Gebrehawaryat ; Van De Gevel, Jeske ; Gupta, Arnab ; Mengistu, Dejene Kassahun ; Kiambi, D. A.N. ; Mathur, Prem Narain ; Mercado, Leida ; Mittra, Sarika ; Mollel, Margaret J. ; Rosas, Juan Carlos ; Steinke, Jonathan ; Suchini, Jose Gabriel ; Zimmerer, Karl Stephen. / FIRST EXPERIENCES with A NOVEL FARMER CITIZEN SCIENCE APPROACH : CROWDSOURCING PARTICIPATORY VARIETY SELECTION THROUGH ON-FARM TRIADIC COMPARISONS of TECHNOLOGIES (TRICOT). In: Experimental Agriculture. 2019 ; Vol. 55, No. S1. pp. 275-296.
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abstract = "Rapid climatic and socio-economic changes challenge current agricultural R&D capacity. The necessary quantum leap in knowledge generation should build on the innovation capacity of farmers themselves. A novel citizen science methodology, triadic comparisons of technologies or tricot, was implemented in pilot studies in India, East Africa, and Central America. The methodology involves distributing a pool of agricultural technologies in different combinations of three to individual farmers who observe these technologies under farm conditions and compare their performance. Since the combinations of three technologies overlap, statistical methods can piece together the overall performance ranking of the complete pool of technologies. The tricot approach affords wide scaling, as the distribution of trial packages and instruction sessions is relatively easy to execute, farmers do not need to be organized in collaborative groups, and feedback is easy to collect, even by phone. The tricot approach provides interpretable, meaningful results and was widely accepted by farmers. The methodology underwent improvement in data input formats. A number of methodological issues remain: integrating environmental analysis, capturing gender-specific differences, stimulating farmers' motivation, and supporting implementation with an integrated digital platform. Future studies should apply the tricot approach to a wider range of technologies, quantify its potential contribution to climate adaptation, and embed the approach in appropriate institutions and business models, empowering participants and democratizing science.",
author = "{Van Etten}, Jacob and Eskender Beza and Llu{\'i}s Calderer and {Van Duijvendijk}, Kees and Carlo Fadda and Basazen Fantahun and Kidane, {Yosef Gebrehawaryat} and {Van De Gevel}, Jeske and Arnab Gupta and Mengistu, {Dejene Kassahun} and Kiambi, {D. A.N.} and Mathur, {Prem Narain} and Leida Mercado and Sarika Mittra and Mollel, {Margaret J.} and Rosas, {Juan Carlos} and Jonathan Steinke and Suchini, {Jose Gabriel} and Zimmerer, {Karl Stephen}",
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Van Etten, J, Beza, E, Calderer, L, Van Duijvendijk, K, Fadda, C, Fantahun, B, Kidane, YG, Van De Gevel, J, Gupta, A, Mengistu, DK, Kiambi, DAN, Mathur, PN, Mercado, L, Mittra, S, Mollel, MJ, Rosas, JC, Steinke, J, Suchini, JG & Zimmerer, KS 2019, 'FIRST EXPERIENCES with A NOVEL FARMER CITIZEN SCIENCE APPROACH: CROWDSOURCING PARTICIPATORY VARIETY SELECTION THROUGH ON-FARM TRIADIC COMPARISONS of TECHNOLOGIES (TRICOT)', Experimental Agriculture, vol. 55, no. S1, pp. 275-296. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0014479716000739

FIRST EXPERIENCES with A NOVEL FARMER CITIZEN SCIENCE APPROACH : CROWDSOURCING PARTICIPATORY VARIETY SELECTION THROUGH ON-FARM TRIADIC COMPARISONS of TECHNOLOGIES (TRICOT). / Van Etten, Jacob; Beza, Eskender; Calderer, Lluís; Van Duijvendijk, Kees; Fadda, Carlo; Fantahun, Basazen; Kidane, Yosef Gebrehawaryat; Van De Gevel, Jeske; Gupta, Arnab; Mengistu, Dejene Kassahun; Kiambi, D. A.N.; Mathur, Prem Narain; Mercado, Leida; Mittra, Sarika; Mollel, Margaret J.; Rosas, Juan Carlos; Steinke, Jonathan; Suchini, Jose Gabriel; Zimmerer, Karl Stephen.

In: Experimental Agriculture, Vol. 55, No. S1, 01.06.2019, p. 275-296.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Calderer, Lluís

AU - Van Duijvendijk, Kees

AU - Fadda, Carlo

AU - Fantahun, Basazen

AU - Kidane, Yosef Gebrehawaryat

AU - Van De Gevel, Jeske

AU - Gupta, Arnab

AU - Mengistu, Dejene Kassahun

AU - Kiambi, D. A.N.

AU - Mathur, Prem Narain

AU - Mercado, Leida

AU - Mittra, Sarika

AU - Mollel, Margaret J.

AU - Rosas, Juan Carlos

AU - Steinke, Jonathan

AU - Suchini, Jose Gabriel

AU - Zimmerer, Karl Stephen

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