First light of engineered diffusers at the Nordic Optical Telescope reveal time variability of the optical eclipse depth of WASP-12b

C. Von Essen, G. Stefansson, M. Mallonn, T. Pursimo, A. A. Djupvik, S. Mahadevan, H. Kjeldsen, J. Freudenthal, S. Dreizler

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11 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present the characterization of two engineered diffusers mounted on the 2.5-meter Nordic Optical Telescope, located at Roque de Los Muchachos, Spain. To assess the reliability and the efficiency of the diffusers, we carried out several test observations of two photometric standard stars, along with observations of one primary transit observation of TrES-3b in the red (R band), one of CoRoT-1b in the blue (B band), and three secondary eclipses of WASP-12b (V band). The achieved photometric precision is in all cases within the submillimagnitude level for exposures between 25 and 180 s. Along with a detailed analysis of the functionality of the diffusers, we add a new transit depth measurement in the blue (B band) to the already observed transmission spectrum of CoRoT-1b, disfavoring a Rayleigh slope. We also report variability of the eclipse depth of WASP-12b in the V band. For the WASP-12b secondary eclipses, we observe a secondary depth deviation of about 5σ, and a difference of 6σ and 2.5σ when compared to the values reported by other authors in a similar wavelength range determined from Hubble Space Telescope data. We further speculate about the potential physical processes or causes responsible for this observed variability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA115
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume628
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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