PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of first operation anatomic success compared with success after reoperation and preoperative characteristics in achieving ambulatory vision (≥4/200) and good vision (≥20/100) after repair of complex retinal detachment with vitrectomy and silicone oil tamponade. METHODS: A prospective, observational, multicenter study of patients who underwent vitrectomy with silicone oil for retinal detachments associated with cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis or a non-cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis etiology, including proliferative diabetic retinopathy, giant retinal tear, proliferative vitreoretinopathy, and ocular trauma. RESULTS: A higher rate of ambulatory vision was achieved in the first operation anatomic success cases, compared with the reoperation cases, for eyes with cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis (72% vs 50%, P < 0.01) and eyes without cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis (51% vs 38%, P = 0.04). For eyes with cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis, preoperative ambulatory vision (RR = 2.3, P < 0.0001) and reoperation (RR = 0.4, P = 0.05) were independent predictors of postoperative ambulatory vision. For eyes without cytomegalovirus necrotizing retinitis, preoperative ambulatory vision (RR = 4.0, p < 0.0001) and retinal detachment etiology (P = 0.02) were prognostic factors. Compared to eyes with trauma, eyes with giant retinal tear, proliferative vitreoretinopathy and proliferative diabetic retinopathy were 2.8 (P < 0.003), 2.2 (P = 0.01) and 1.6 (P = 0.17) times as likely to achieve postoperative ambulatory vision, respectively. Within the giant retinal tear group, a higher rate of ambulatory vision was achieved in the first operation anatomic success cases compared with the reoperation cases (66% vs 31%, P = 0.03). Although not statistically significant, similar outcomes occurred in the proliferative diabetic retinopathy (48% vs 25%) and proliferative vitreoretinopathy groups (54% vs 45%). Similar prognostic relationships were found for good visual acuity outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: First operation anatomic success, preoperative visual acuity, and giant retinal tear or proliferative vitreoretinopathy as the retinal detachment etiology are important factors that predict visual outcome. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.
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