First-principles calculation of the effects of Li-doping on the structure and piezoelectricity of (K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 lead-free ceramics

D. Yang, L. L. Wei, X. L. Chao, Z. P. Yang, X. Y. Zhou

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Abstract

The crystal structures of the lead-free piezoelectric ceramics (K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 and (K0.5Na0.5)0.94Li0.06NbO3 prepared by a solid-state method were investigated using first-principles calculations. The calculated values of piezoelectricity were in good agreement with the experimental data. We found that the primary contribution to piezoelectricity in this material comes from the hybridization of the O 2p and Nb 4d orbitals, which causes a change in the Nb-O bond length and the distortion of the Nb-O octahedral structure. Analysis of the band structure and the total density of states revealed that Li-doped (K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 enhances hybridization of the O 2p and Nb 4d orbitals. This hybridization enhancement further reduces the Nb-O1 bond length and enhances the distortion of the Nb-O octahedron along the [001] direction, which may be the main reason for the improvement of the piezoelectric properties. In addition, the piezoelectric coefficients are calculated here, which show the same trend as the experimental results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7702-7706
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume18
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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