First-principles study of elastic and phonon properties of the heavy fermion compound CeMg

Shunli Shang, L. G. Hector, Yi Wang, H. Zhang, Zi-kui Liu

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Elasticity tensor components, Cij, the crystallographic dependence of Poisson's ratio, the phase stability, and vibrational spectra are computed for nonmagnetic and magnetic CeMg (1:1 Ce:Mg) structures using density functional theory. Results from both the generalized gradient approximation (GGA), and the GGA+U, based upon an effective on-site Coulomb potential, U eff, are investigated. The GGA low energy structure, with wavevector along [110], disagrees with experiment, while the [100] structure from experiment is predicted as the 0K structure in the GGA+U. Accurate estimation of the 20K Néel temperature can only be achieved with small U eff, which suggests that CeMg is not a strongly correlated system. For all CeMg structures investigated, we find C11≈C44; this is consistent with the near equivalency of transverse and longitudinal sound speeds. The origin of this behavior is the negative stretching force constants for the interaction between the second-and third-nearest-neighbor Mg and Ce ions, respectively. Results are compared with neutron scattering experiments at 30 and 110K.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number246001
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - Jun 9 2009


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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