First results from the Goodard High-Resolution Spectrograph: The Galactic halo and the Lyα forest at low redshift in 3C 273

Simon L. Morris, Ray J. Weymann, Blair D. Savage, Ronald L. Gilliland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

131 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present results of initial spectroscopy using the Goddard High-Resolution Spectrograph and the Hubble Space Telescope on the bright low-redshift quasar 3C 273. We detect absorption lines produced by gas in the disk and halo of the Milky Way from numerous neutral and weakly ionized atoms and also from highly ionized atoms (Si IV, C IV, and N V). The detection of N V provides additional strong support for the existence of gas with T ∼ 2 × 105 K at large distances away from the disk of the Milky Way. We also find 10 absorption lines with EW greater than 50 mÅ, and four possible lines with EW between 25 and 50 mÅ, in the region between 1235 and 1406 Å. These cannot be identified with any lines in the galactic interstellar medium and must therefore all be Lyα systems at very low redshifts. This number of lines is 5-10 times larger than expected from a simple extrapolation of the high-redshift evolution derived from ground-based observations and is consistent with no evolution in cloud properties since z = 2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L21-L24
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume377
Issue number1 PART II
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

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galactic halos
spectrographs
high resolution
gases
Hubble Space Telescope
gas
quasars
atoms
extrapolation
halos
spectroscopy
detection

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Morris, S. L., Weymann, R. J., Savage, B. D., & Gilliland, R. L. (1991). First results from the Goodard High-Resolution Spectrograph: The Galactic halo and the Lyα forest at low redshift in 3C 273. Astrophysical Journal, 377(1 PART II), L21-L24.
Morris, Simon L. ; Weymann, Ray J. ; Savage, Blair D. ; Gilliland, Ronald L. / First results from the Goodard High-Resolution Spectrograph : The Galactic halo and the Lyα forest at low redshift in 3C 273. In: Astrophysical Journal. 1991 ; Vol. 377, No. 1 PART II. pp. L21-L24.
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Morris, SL, Weymann, RJ, Savage, BD & Gilliland, RL 1991, 'First results from the Goodard High-Resolution Spectrograph: The Galactic halo and the Lyα forest at low redshift in 3C 273', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 377, no. 1 PART II, pp. L21-L24.

First results from the Goodard High-Resolution Spectrograph : The Galactic halo and the Lyα forest at low redshift in 3C 273. / Morris, Simon L.; Weymann, Ray J.; Savage, Blair D.; Gilliland, Ronald L.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 377, No. 1 PART II, 01.01.1991, p. L21-L24.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Gilliland, Ronald L.

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N2 - We present results of initial spectroscopy using the Goddard High-Resolution Spectrograph and the Hubble Space Telescope on the bright low-redshift quasar 3C 273. We detect absorption lines produced by gas in the disk and halo of the Milky Way from numerous neutral and weakly ionized atoms and also from highly ionized atoms (Si IV, C IV, and N V). The detection of N V provides additional strong support for the existence of gas with T ∼ 2 × 105 K at large distances away from the disk of the Milky Way. We also find 10 absorption lines with EW greater than 50 mÅ, and four possible lines with EW between 25 and 50 mÅ, in the region between 1235 and 1406 Å. These cannot be identified with any lines in the galactic interstellar medium and must therefore all be Lyα systems at very low redshifts. This number of lines is 5-10 times larger than expected from a simple extrapolation of the high-redshift evolution derived from ground-based observations and is consistent with no evolution in cloud properties since z = 2.

AB - We present results of initial spectroscopy using the Goddard High-Resolution Spectrograph and the Hubble Space Telescope on the bright low-redshift quasar 3C 273. We detect absorption lines produced by gas in the disk and halo of the Milky Way from numerous neutral and weakly ionized atoms and also from highly ionized atoms (Si IV, C IV, and N V). The detection of N V provides additional strong support for the existence of gas with T ∼ 2 × 105 K at large distances away from the disk of the Milky Way. We also find 10 absorption lines with EW greater than 50 mÅ, and four possible lines with EW between 25 and 50 mÅ, in the region between 1235 and 1406 Å. These cannot be identified with any lines in the galactic interstellar medium and must therefore all be Lyα systems at very low redshifts. This number of lines is 5-10 times larger than expected from a simple extrapolation of the high-redshift evolution derived from ground-based observations and is consistent with no evolution in cloud properties since z = 2.

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