First Searches for Axions and Axionlike Particles with the LUX Experiment

D. S. Akerib, S. Alsum, C. Aquino, H. M. Araújo, X. Bai, A. J. Bailey, J. Balajthy, P. Beltrame, E. P. Bernard, A. Bernstein, T. P. Biesiadzinski, E. M. Boulton, P. Brás, D. Byram, S. B. Cahn, M. C. Carmona-Benitez, C. Chan, A. A. Chiller, C. Chiller, A. CurrieJ. E. Cutter, T. J.R. Davison, A. Dobi, J. E.Y. Dobson, E. Druszkiewicz, B. N. Edwards, C. H. Faham, S. R. Fallon, S. Fiorucci, R. J. Gaitskell, V. M. Gehman, C. Ghag, K. R. Gibson, M. G.D. Gilchriese, C. R. Hall, M. Hanhardt, S. J. Haselschwardt, S. A. Hertel, D. P. Hogan, M. Horn, D. Q. Huang, C. M. Ignarra, R. G. Jacobsen, W. Ji, K. Kamdin, K. Kazkaz, D. Khaitan, R. Knoche, N. A. Larsen, C. Lee, B. G. Lenardo, K. T. Lesko, A. Lindote, M. I. Lopes, A. Manalaysay, R. L. Mannino, M. F. Marzioni, D. N. McKinsey, D. M. Mei, J. Mock, M. Moongweluwan, J. A. Morad, A. St J. Murphy, C. Nehrkorn, H. N. Nelson, F. Neves, K. O'Sullivan, K. C. Oliver-Mallory, K. J. Palladino, E. K. Pease, L. Reichhart, C. Rhyne, S. Shaw, T. A. Shutt, C. Silva, M. Solmaz, V. N. Solovov, P. Sorensen, S. Stephenson, T. J. Sumner, M. Szydagis, D. J. Taylor, W. C. Taylor, B. P. Tennyson, P. A. Terman, D. R. Tiedt, W. H. To, M. Tripathi, L. Tvrznikova, S. Uvarov, V. Velan, J. R. Verbus, R. C. Webb, J. T. White, T. J. Whitis, M. S. Witherell, F. L.H. Wolfs, J. Xu, K. Yazdani, S. K. Young, C. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The first searches for axions and axionlike particles with the Large Underground Xenon experiment are presented. Under the assumption of an axioelectric interaction in xenon, the coupling constant between axions and electrons gAe is tested using data collected in 2013 with an exposure totaling 95 live days ×118 kg. A double-sided, profile likelihood ratio statistic test excludes gAe larger than 3.5×10-12 (90% C.L.) for solar axions. Assuming the Dine-Fischler-Srednicki-Zhitnitsky theoretical description, the upper limit in coupling corresponds to an upper limit on axion mass of 0.12 eV/c2, while for the Kim-Shifman-Vainshtein-Zhakharov description masses above 36.6 eV/c2 are excluded. For galactic axionlike particles, values of gAe larger than 4.2×10-13 are excluded for particle masses in the range 1-16 keV/c2. These are the most stringent constraints to date for these interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number261301
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume118
Issue number26
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 29 2017

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xenon
likelihood ratio
particle mass
statistics
interactions
profiles
electrons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Akerib, D. S., Alsum, S., Aquino, C., Araújo, H. M., Bai, X., Bailey, A. J., ... Zhang, C. (2017). First Searches for Axions and Axionlike Particles with the LUX Experiment. Physical Review Letters, 118(26), [261301]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.261301
Akerib, D. S. ; Alsum, S. ; Aquino, C. ; Araújo, H. M. ; Bai, X. ; Bailey, A. J. ; Balajthy, J. ; Beltrame, P. ; Bernard, E. P. ; Bernstein, A. ; Biesiadzinski, T. P. ; Boulton, E. M. ; Brás, P. ; Byram, D. ; Cahn, S. B. ; Carmona-Benitez, M. C. ; Chan, C. ; Chiller, A. A. ; Chiller, C. ; Currie, A. ; Cutter, J. E. ; Davison, T. J.R. ; Dobi, A. ; Dobson, J. E.Y. ; Druszkiewicz, E. ; Edwards, B. N. ; Faham, C. H. ; Fallon, S. R. ; Fiorucci, S. ; Gaitskell, R. J. ; Gehman, V. M. ; Ghag, C. ; Gibson, K. R. ; Gilchriese, M. G.D. ; Hall, C. R. ; Hanhardt, M. ; Haselschwardt, S. J. ; Hertel, S. A. ; Hogan, D. P. ; Horn, M. ; Huang, D. Q. ; Ignarra, C. M. ; Jacobsen, R. G. ; Ji, W. ; Kamdin, K. ; Kazkaz, K. ; Khaitan, D. ; Knoche, R. ; Larsen, N. A. ; Lee, C. ; Lenardo, B. G. ; Lesko, K. T. ; Lindote, A. ; Lopes, M. I. ; Manalaysay, A. ; Mannino, R. L. ; Marzioni, M. F. ; McKinsey, D. N. ; Mei, D. M. ; Mock, J. ; Moongweluwan, M. ; Morad, J. A. ; Murphy, A. St J. ; Nehrkorn, C. ; Nelson, H. N. ; Neves, F. ; O'Sullivan, K. ; Oliver-Mallory, K. C. ; Palladino, K. J. ; Pease, E. K. ; Reichhart, L. ; Rhyne, C. ; Shaw, S. ; Shutt, T. A. ; Silva, C. ; Solmaz, M. ; Solovov, V. N. ; Sorensen, P. ; Stephenson, S. ; Sumner, T. J. ; Szydagis, M. ; Taylor, D. J. ; Taylor, W. C. ; Tennyson, B. P. ; Terman, P. A. ; Tiedt, D. R. ; To, W. H. ; Tripathi, M. ; Tvrznikova, L. ; Uvarov, S. ; Velan, V. ; Verbus, J. R. ; Webb, R. C. ; White, J. T. ; Whitis, T. J. ; Witherell, M. S. ; Wolfs, F. L.H. ; Xu, J. ; Yazdani, K. ; Young, S. K. ; Zhang, C. / First Searches for Axions and Axionlike Particles with the LUX Experiment. In: Physical Review Letters. 2017 ; Vol. 118, No. 26.
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abstract = "The first searches for axions and axionlike particles with the Large Underground Xenon experiment are presented. Under the assumption of an axioelectric interaction in xenon, the coupling constant between axions and electrons gAe is tested using data collected in 2013 with an exposure totaling 95 live days ×118 kg. A double-sided, profile likelihood ratio statistic test excludes gAe larger than 3.5×10-12 (90{\%} C.L.) for solar axions. Assuming the Dine-Fischler-Srednicki-Zhitnitsky theoretical description, the upper limit in coupling corresponds to an upper limit on axion mass of 0.12 eV/c2, while for the Kim-Shifman-Vainshtein-Zhakharov description masses above 36.6 eV/c2 are excluded. For galactic axionlike particles, values of gAe larger than 4.2×10-13 are excluded for particle masses in the range 1-16 keV/c2. These are the most stringent constraints to date for these interactions.",
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First Searches for Axions and Axionlike Particles with the LUX Experiment. / Akerib, D. S.; Alsum, S.; Aquino, C.; Araújo, H. M.; Bai, X.; Bailey, A. J.; Balajthy, J.; Beltrame, P.; Bernard, E. P.; Bernstein, A.; Biesiadzinski, T. P.; Boulton, E. M.; Brás, P.; Byram, D.; Cahn, S. B.; Carmona-Benitez, M. C.; Chan, C.; Chiller, A. A.; Chiller, C.; Currie, A.; Cutter, J. E.; Davison, T. J.R.; Dobi, A.; Dobson, J. E.Y.; Druszkiewicz, E.; Edwards, B. N.; Faham, C. H.; Fallon, S. R.; Fiorucci, S.; Gaitskell, R. J.; Gehman, V. M.; Ghag, C.; Gibson, K. R.; Gilchriese, M. G.D.; Hall, C. R.; Hanhardt, M.; Haselschwardt, S. J.; Hertel, S. A.; Hogan, D. P.; Horn, M.; Huang, D. Q.; Ignarra, C. M.; Jacobsen, R. G.; Ji, W.; Kamdin, K.; Kazkaz, K.; Khaitan, D.; Knoche, R.; Larsen, N. A.; Lee, C.; Lenardo, B. G.; Lesko, K. T.; Lindote, A.; Lopes, M. I.; Manalaysay, A.; Mannino, R. L.; Marzioni, M. F.; McKinsey, D. N.; Mei, D. M.; Mock, J.; Moongweluwan, M.; Morad, J. A.; Murphy, A. St J.; Nehrkorn, C.; Nelson, H. N.; Neves, F.; O'Sullivan, K.; Oliver-Mallory, K. C.; Palladino, K. J.; Pease, E. K.; Reichhart, L.; Rhyne, C.; Shaw, S.; Shutt, T. A.; Silva, C.; Solmaz, M.; Solovov, V. N.; Sorensen, P.; Stephenson, S.; Sumner, T. J.; Szydagis, M.; Taylor, D. J.; Taylor, W. C.; Tennyson, B. P.; Terman, P. A.; Tiedt, D. R.; To, W. H.; Tripathi, M.; Tvrznikova, L.; Uvarov, S.; Velan, V.; Verbus, J. R.; Webb, R. C.; White, J. T.; Whitis, T. J.; Witherell, M. S.; Wolfs, F. L.H.; Xu, J.; Yazdani, K.; Young, S. K.; Zhang, C.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 118, No. 26, 261301, 29.06.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - First Searches for Axions and Axionlike Particles with the LUX Experiment

AU - Akerib, D. S.

AU - Alsum, S.

AU - Aquino, C.

AU - Araújo, H. M.

AU - Bai, X.

AU - Bailey, A. J.

AU - Balajthy, J.

AU - Beltrame, P.

AU - Bernard, E. P.

AU - Bernstein, A.

AU - Biesiadzinski, T. P.

AU - Boulton, E. M.

AU - Brás, P.

AU - Byram, D.

AU - Cahn, S. B.

AU - Carmona-Benitez, M. C.

AU - Chan, C.

AU - Chiller, A. A.

AU - Chiller, C.

AU - Currie, A.

AU - Cutter, J. E.

AU - Davison, T. J.R.

AU - Dobi, A.

AU - Dobson, J. E.Y.

AU - Druszkiewicz, E.

AU - Edwards, B. N.

AU - Faham, C. H.

AU - Fallon, S. R.

AU - Fiorucci, S.

AU - Gaitskell, R. J.

AU - Gehman, V. M.

AU - Ghag, C.

AU - Gibson, K. R.

AU - Gilchriese, M. G.D.

AU - Hall, C. R.

AU - Hanhardt, M.

AU - Haselschwardt, S. J.

AU - Hertel, S. A.

AU - Hogan, D. P.

AU - Horn, M.

AU - Huang, D. Q.

AU - Ignarra, C. M.

AU - Jacobsen, R. G.

AU - Ji, W.

AU - Kamdin, K.

AU - Kazkaz, K.

AU - Khaitan, D.

AU - Knoche, R.

AU - Larsen, N. A.

AU - Lee, C.

AU - Lenardo, B. G.

AU - Lesko, K. T.

AU - Lindote, A.

AU - Lopes, M. I.

AU - Manalaysay, A.

AU - Mannino, R. L.

AU - Marzioni, M. F.

AU - McKinsey, D. N.

AU - Mei, D. M.

AU - Mock, J.

AU - Moongweluwan, M.

AU - Morad, J. A.

AU - Murphy, A. St J.

AU - Nehrkorn, C.

AU - Nelson, H. N.

AU - Neves, F.

AU - O'Sullivan, K.

AU - Oliver-Mallory, K. C.

AU - Palladino, K. J.

AU - Pease, E. K.

AU - Reichhart, L.

AU - Rhyne, C.

AU - Shaw, S.

AU - Shutt, T. A.

AU - Silva, C.

AU - Solmaz, M.

AU - Solovov, V. N.

AU - Sorensen, P.

AU - Stephenson, S.

AU - Sumner, T. J.

AU - Szydagis, M.

AU - Taylor, D. J.

AU - Taylor, W. C.

AU - Tennyson, B. P.

AU - Terman, P. A.

AU - Tiedt, D. R.

AU - To, W. H.

AU - Tripathi, M.

AU - Tvrznikova, L.

AU - Uvarov, S.

AU - Velan, V.

AU - Verbus, J. R.

AU - Webb, R. C.

AU - White, J. T.

AU - Whitis, T. J.

AU - Witherell, M. S.

AU - Wolfs, F. L.H.

AU - Xu, J.

AU - Yazdani, K.

AU - Young, S. K.

AU - Zhang, C.

PY - 2017/6/29

Y1 - 2017/6/29

N2 - The first searches for axions and axionlike particles with the Large Underground Xenon experiment are presented. Under the assumption of an axioelectric interaction in xenon, the coupling constant between axions and electrons gAe is tested using data collected in 2013 with an exposure totaling 95 live days ×118 kg. A double-sided, profile likelihood ratio statistic test excludes gAe larger than 3.5×10-12 (90% C.L.) for solar axions. Assuming the Dine-Fischler-Srednicki-Zhitnitsky theoretical description, the upper limit in coupling corresponds to an upper limit on axion mass of 0.12 eV/c2, while for the Kim-Shifman-Vainshtein-Zhakharov description masses above 36.6 eV/c2 are excluded. For galactic axionlike particles, values of gAe larger than 4.2×10-13 are excluded for particle masses in the range 1-16 keV/c2. These are the most stringent constraints to date for these interactions.

AB - The first searches for axions and axionlike particles with the Large Underground Xenon experiment are presented. Under the assumption of an axioelectric interaction in xenon, the coupling constant between axions and electrons gAe is tested using data collected in 2013 with an exposure totaling 95 live days ×118 kg. A double-sided, profile likelihood ratio statistic test excludes gAe larger than 3.5×10-12 (90% C.L.) for solar axions. Assuming the Dine-Fischler-Srednicki-Zhitnitsky theoretical description, the upper limit in coupling corresponds to an upper limit on axion mass of 0.12 eV/c2, while for the Kim-Shifman-Vainshtein-Zhakharov description masses above 36.6 eV/c2 are excluded. For galactic axionlike particles, values of gAe larger than 4.2×10-13 are excluded for particle masses in the range 1-16 keV/c2. These are the most stringent constraints to date for these interactions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85021760141&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85021760141&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.261301

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.261301

M3 - Article

C2 - 28707937

AN - SCOPUS:85021760141

VL - 118

JO - Physical Review Letters

JF - Physical Review Letters

SN - 0031-9007

IS - 26

M1 - 261301

ER -

Akerib DS, Alsum S, Aquino C, Araújo HM, Bai X, Bailey AJ et al. First Searches for Axions and Axionlike Particles with the LUX Experiment. Physical Review Letters. 2017 Jun 29;118(26). 261301. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.261301