Few studies have explored the effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) supplementation on immune modulation in murine models of mammary carcinogenesis. HER-2/neu and PyMT mice were randomized to 2 dietary interventions: AIN-93G-based diet with 1) 11% of diet (per gram weight) as corn oil (CO) or 2) 10% of diet as menhaden fish oil plus 1% of diet as corn oil (FO). FO significantly reduced the incidence and multiplicity of tumors (P < 0.001) in HER-2/neu, but not PyMT mice. FO-fed mice had significantly larger splenocyte counts than CO-fed mice in both the HER-2/neu and PyMT models; and in both models this was comprised of an increase in most cell types, including Gr-1+/CD11b+ cells. T cells from FO-fed HER-2/neu mice produced significantly more interleukin-2 (P = 0.004) and interferon-γ (P = 0.012) in response to in vitro stimulation with anti-CD3 (0.5 g/ml). Lastly, FO-fed HER-2/neu mice had significantly more tumor immune infiltrates than CO-fed mice, including NK1.1+, F4/80+, and Gr-1+/CD11b+ cells (P ≤ 0.05). Greater Th1 cytokine production and significantly more tumor immune infiltrates in FO-fed Her2/neu mice may account for the cancer prevention effect of fish oil in this model.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Cancer Research