Fission Product Yields from 232Th, 238U, and 235U Using 14 MeV Neutrons

B. D. Pierson, L. R. Greenwood, M. Flaska, S. A. Pozzi

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neutron-induced fission yield studies using deuterium-tritium fusion-produced 14 MeV neutrons have not yet directly measured fission yields from fission products with half-lives on the order of seconds (far from the line of nuclear stability). Fundamental data of this nature are important for improving and validating the current models of the nuclear fission process. Cyclic neutron activation analysis (CNAA) was performed on three actinide targets–thorium-oxide, depleted uranium metal, and highly enriched uranium metal–at the University of Michigan's Neutron Science Laboratory (UM-NSL) using a pneumatic system and Thermo-Scientific D711 accelerator-based fusion neutron generator. This was done to measure the fission yields of short-lived fission products and to examine the differences between the delayed fission product signatures of the three actinides. The measured data were compared against previously published results for 89Kr, −90, and −92 and 138Xe, −139, and −140. The average percent deviation of the measured values from the Evaluated Nuclear Data Files VII.1 (ENDF/B-VII.1) for thorium, depleted-uranium, and highly-enriched uranium were −10.2%, 4.5%, and −12.9%, respectively. In addition to the measurements of the six known fission products, 23 new fission yield measurements from 84As to 146La are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-189
Number of pages19
JournalNuclear Data Sheets
Volume139
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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