Flammability properties of polymer - Layered-silicate nanocomposites. Polypropylene and polystyrene nanocomposites

Jeffrey W. Gilman, Catheryn L. Jackson, Alexander B. Morgan, Richard Harris, Evangelos Manias, Emmanuel P. Giannelis, Melanie Wuthenow, Dawn Hilton, Shawn H. Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1466 Scopus citations

Abstract

Our continuing study of the mechanism of flammability reduction of polymer-layered-silicate nanocomposites has yielded results for polypropylene-graft-maleic anhydride and polystyrene - Layered-silicate nanocomposites using montmorillonite and fluorohectorite. Cone calorimetry was used to measure the heat release rate and other flammability properties of the nanocomposites, under well-controlled combustion conditions. Both the polymer - Layered-silicate nanocomposites and the combustion residues were studied by transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. We have found evidence for a common mechanism of flammability reduction. We also found that the type of layered silicate, nanodispersion, and processing degradation have an influence on the flammability reduction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1866-1873
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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    Gilman, J. W., Jackson, C. L., Morgan, A. B., Harris, R., Manias, E., Giannelis, E. P., Wuthenow, M., Hilton, D., & Phillips, S. H. (2000). Flammability properties of polymer - Layered-silicate nanocomposites. Polypropylene and polystyrene nanocomposites. Chemistry of Materials, 12(7), 1866-1873. https://doi.org/10.1021/cm0001760