Flank wear estimation in turning through wavelet representation of acoustic emission signals

S. V. Kamarthi, S. R.T. Kumara, P. H. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper investigates a flank wear estimation technique in turning through wavelet representation of acoustic emission (AE) signals. It is known that the power spectral density of AE signals in turning is sensitive to gradually increasing flank wear. In previous methods, the power spectral density of AE signals is computed from Fourier transform based techniques. To overcome some of the limitations associated with the Fourier representation of AE signals for flank wear estimation, wavelet representation of AE signals is investigated. This investigation is motivated by the superiority of the wavelet transform over the Fourier transform in analyzing rapidly changing signals such as AE, in which high frequency components are to be studied with sharper time resolution than low frequency components. The effectiveness of the wavelet representation of AE signals for flank wear estimation is investigated by conducting a set of turning experiments on AISI 6150 steel workpiece and K68 (C2) grade uncoated carbide inserts. In these experiments, flank wear is monitored through AE signals. A recurrent neural network of simple architecture is used to relate AE features to flank wear. Using this technique, accurate flank wear estimation results are obtained for the operating conditions that are within in the range of those used during neural network training. These results compared to those of Fourier transform representation are much superior. These findings indicate that the wavelet representation of AE signals is more effective in extracting the AE features sensitive to gradually increasing flank wear than the Fourier representation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12-19
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
Volume122
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2000

    Fingerprint

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this