Flexible employment practices in Europe: Country versus culture

Sumita Raghuram, Manuel London, Henrik Holt Larsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations


This paper examines extent to which variances in flexible employment practices across fourteen European countries may be attributed to cultural variances. Data were gathered through a survey of human resource practices in 4,876 companies. The results indicate that national differences between flexible employment practices were explained by cultural differences. Specifically, we find use of part-time work is related to power distance and individualism; contract work is related to uncertainty avoidance and individualism; shift work is related to uncertainty avoidance, power distance and individualism; and telework is related to femininity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)738-753
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Issue number5
StatePublished - Aug 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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