Decking and railing is the largest and fastest growing market for wood-plastic composites (WPCs). Despite WPC's advantages in comparison to lumber, its modulus and creep resistance need to be further improved for demanding structural applications. In this study, WPC deck boards were reinforced by the composite sheets made of commingled glass and polypropylene fiber. Various reinforcement arrangements were carried out to identify the optimal one. Scanning electron microscopy revealed good bonding at the reinforcement/WPC interface. All reinforced samples exhibited considerably increased modulus of rupture, modulus of elasticity, and strain at break. The creep resistance of the reinforced WPC boards was also greatly improved. Creep strain was simulated with Findley's model. Master curves of creep compliance were generated by time-temperature-stress superposition principle. The Prony series was found to be the analytical expression of the master curves with acceptable accuracy. With improved mechanical properties, the reinforced WPC board can be used in more demanding applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry