Fluoride mediated nano-sized ZSM-5 (ZSM-5-F) with a high Si/Al ratio of 181 was fabricated using a seed-induction method and evaluated the catalysis of the methanol to propylene (MTP) reaction. High propylene selectivity (45%) was similar to ZSM-5-OH synthesized via a hydroxide route. However, ZSM-5-F showed much longer lifetime (305 h) compared with ZSM-5-OH (157 h) in spite of similar crystal size and aluminum content. Characterization by NH3-TPD, Py-IR, OH-IR, SEM, TG-DTA, XRD and 1H MAS NMR techniques indicated that the enhanced catalytic performance of ZSM-5-F is attributed to the fewer structural defects in the form of internal silanol groups and silanol nests.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Energy (miscellaneous)