The fluorinated electrolyte containing a fluoroether 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethyl-2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropyl ether (TTE) was investigated as a new electrolyte for lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. The low solubility of lithium polysulfides (LiPS) in the fluorinated electrolyte reduced the parasitic reactions with Li anode and mitigated the self-discharge by limiting their diffusion from the cathode to the anode. The use of fluorinated ether as a co-solvent and LiNO3 as an additive in the electrolyte shows synergetic effect in suppressing the self-discharge of Li-S battery due to the formation of the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) on both sulfur cathode and the lithium anode. The Li-S cell with the fluorinated electrolyte showed prolonged shelf life at fully charged state.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry