Several recent reports have demonstrated that fluorinated analogues of donor/acceptor copolymers surpass nonfluorinated counterparts in terms of performance in electronic devices. Using a copolymer series consisting of fluorinated, partially fluorinated, and nonfluorinated benzotriazole, we confirm that the addition of fluorine substituents beneficially impacts charge transport in polymer semiconductors. Transistor measurements demonstrated a factor of 5 increase in carrier mobilities with the degree of fluorination of the backbone. Furthermore, grazing-incidence X-ray diffraction data indicates progressively closer packing between the conjugated cores and an overall greater amount of π-stacking in the fluorinated materials. It is likely that attractive interactions between the electron-rich donor and fluorinated electron-deficient acceptor units induce very tightly stacking crystallites, which reduce the energetic barrier for charge hopping. In addition, a change in crystallite orientation was observed from primarily edge-on without fluorine substituents to mostly face-on with fluorinated benzotriazole.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry