Fly ash-slag interaction during alkaline activation: Influence of activators on phase assemblage and microstructure formation

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Abstract

In this work, the influence of activator on the interaction mechanisms between slag and low-calcium fly ash (FA-F) during alkaline activation was investigated. In particular, the evolution of phase assemblage and microstructure of alkali-activated binary slag and FA-F paste was monitored by means of X-ray diffraction with Rietveld analysis, scanning electron microscopy, and energy-dispersive spectroscopy (SEM/EDS). The results show that the nature of amorphous gels and type of crystalline phases formed are dependent on sample age, initial slag to FA-F ratio, and activator type and dosage. The interaction between FA-F and slag during alkaline activation or geopolymerization is primary demonstrated as: (1) modified nanostructure (e.g. crystallology and lattice parameters) and chemical composition of precipitates, (2) depressing or triggering the formation of some crystalline phases, and (3) spatial heterogeneity of composition in microstructure. The activator is chemically incorporated into interactions between slag and FA-F, and likely affects the dissolution and reaction kinetics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)594-606
Number of pages13
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume122
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 30 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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