Foam formation from fluorinated polyphosphazenes by liquid CO2 processing

Lee B. Steely, Qixiu Li, John V. Badding, Harry R. Allcock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three dimensional foams of fluorinated polyphosphazenes were prepared using liquid CO2 to solvate polymer films, which were then expanded by volatilization of liquid CO2 within the polymer matrix. The polymers dissolved in CO2 at 1.5 × 107 Pa (2200 psi) and room temperature. Materials were examined using Raman spectroscopy before and during high pressure CO2 exposure. The solubility in liquid CO2 is attributed to interactions between the solvent and the fluorine atoms in the polymer side groups. Fluoroalkoxy polyphosphazenes are known for their hydrophobicity and fire retardant properties, and these characteristics are retained in the foams. Scanning electron microscopy, water swelling, and preliminary fire retardance tests were conducted to determine the morphology and properties of the foams. These materials are possible candidates for a number of different engineering applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)683-686
Number of pages4
JournalPolymer Engineering and Science
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2008

Fingerprint

Foams
Polymers
Liquids
Processing
Flame Retardants
Fluorine
Flame retardants
Hydrophobicity
Polymer matrix
Vaporization
Polymer films
Swelling
Raman spectroscopy
Fires
Solubility
Atoms
Scanning electron microscopy
Water
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Three dimensional foams of fluorinated polyphosphazenes were prepared using liquid CO2 to solvate polymer films, which were then expanded by volatilization of liquid CO2 within the polymer matrix. The polymers dissolved in CO2 at 1.5 × 107 Pa (2200 psi) and room temperature. Materials were examined using Raman spectroscopy before and during high pressure CO2 exposure. The solubility in liquid CO2 is attributed to interactions between the solvent and the fluorine atoms in the polymer side groups. Fluoroalkoxy polyphosphazenes are known for their hydrophobicity and fire retardant properties, and these characteristics are retained in the foams. Scanning electron microscopy, water swelling, and preliminary fire retardance tests were conducted to determine the morphology and properties of the foams. These materials are possible candidates for a number of different engineering applications.",
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Foam formation from fluorinated polyphosphazenes by liquid CO2 processing. / Steely, Lee B.; Li, Qixiu; Badding, John V.; Allcock, Harry R.

In: Polymer Engineering and Science, Vol. 48, No. 4, 01.04.2008, p. 683-686.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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