Food shopping behaviours and exposure to discrimination

Shannon N. Zenk, Amy J. Schulz, Barbara A. Israel, Graciela Mentz, Patricia Y. Miranda, Alisha Opperman, Angela M. Odoms-Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective The present study examined food shopping behaviours, particularly distance to grocery shop, and exposure to discrimination. Design Cross-sectional observational study utilizing data from a community survey, neighbourhood food environment observations and the decennial census. Setting Three communities in Detroit, Michigan, USA. Subjects Probability sample of 919 African-American, Latino and white adults in 146 census blocks and sixty-nine census block groups. Results On average, respondents shopped for groceries 3·1 miles (4·99 km) from home, with 30·9 % shopping within 1 mile (1·61 km) and 22·3 % shopping more than 5 miles (8·05 km) from home. Longer distance to shop was associated with being younger, African-American (compared with Latino), a woman, higher socio-economic status, lower satisfaction with the neighbourhood food environment, and living in a neighbourhood with higher poverty, without a large grocery store and further from the nearest supermarket. African-Americans and those with the lowest incomes were particularly likely to report unfair treatment at food outlets. Each mile (1·61 km) increase in distance to shop was associated with a 7 % increase in the odds of unfair treatment; this relationship did not differ by race/ethnicity. Conclusions The study suggests that unfair treatment in retail interactions warrants investigation as a pathway by which restricted neighbourhood food environments and food shopping behaviours may adversely affect health and contribute to health disparities. Efforts to promote 'healthy' and equitable food environments should emphasize local availability and affordability of a range of healthy food products, as well as fair treatment while shopping regardless of race/ethnicity or socio-economic status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1167-1176
Number of pages10
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014

Fingerprint

Food
Censuses
African Americans
Hispanic Americans
Economics
Sampling Studies
Health
Therapeutics
Poverty
Observational Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Surveys and Questionnaires

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Zenk, S. N., Schulz, A. J., Israel, B. A., Mentz, G., Miranda, P. Y., Opperman, A., & Odoms-Young, A. M. (2014). Food shopping behaviours and exposure to discrimination. Public Health Nutrition, 17(5), 1167-1176. https://doi.org/10.1017/S136898001300075X
Zenk, Shannon N. ; Schulz, Amy J. ; Israel, Barbara A. ; Mentz, Graciela ; Miranda, Patricia Y. ; Opperman, Alisha ; Odoms-Young, Angela M. / Food shopping behaviours and exposure to discrimination. In: Public Health Nutrition. 2014 ; Vol. 17, No. 5. pp. 1167-1176.
@article{1518a7c1647b42179985222c7805b927,
title = "Food shopping behaviours and exposure to discrimination",
abstract = "Objective The present study examined food shopping behaviours, particularly distance to grocery shop, and exposure to discrimination. Design Cross-sectional observational study utilizing data from a community survey, neighbourhood food environment observations and the decennial census. Setting Three communities in Detroit, Michigan, USA. Subjects Probability sample of 919 African-American, Latino and white adults in 146 census blocks and sixty-nine census block groups. Results On average, respondents shopped for groceries 3·1 miles (4·99 km) from home, with 30·9 {\%} shopping within 1 mile (1·61 km) and 22·3 {\%} shopping more than 5 miles (8·05 km) from home. Longer distance to shop was associated with being younger, African-American (compared with Latino), a woman, higher socio-economic status, lower satisfaction with the neighbourhood food environment, and living in a neighbourhood with higher poverty, without a large grocery store and further from the nearest supermarket. African-Americans and those with the lowest incomes were particularly likely to report unfair treatment at food outlets. Each mile (1·61 km) increase in distance to shop was associated with a 7 {\%} increase in the odds of unfair treatment; this relationship did not differ by race/ethnicity. Conclusions The study suggests that unfair treatment in retail interactions warrants investigation as a pathway by which restricted neighbourhood food environments and food shopping behaviours may adversely affect health and contribute to health disparities. Efforts to promote 'healthy' and equitable food environments should emphasize local availability and affordability of a range of healthy food products, as well as fair treatment while shopping regardless of race/ethnicity or socio-economic status.",
author = "Zenk, {Shannon N.} and Schulz, {Amy J.} and Israel, {Barbara A.} and Graciela Mentz and Miranda, {Patricia Y.} and Alisha Opperman and Odoms-Young, {Angela M.}",
year = "2014",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1017/S136898001300075X",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "17",
pages = "1167--1176",
journal = "Public Health Nutrition",
issn = "1368-9800",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "5",

}

Zenk, SN, Schulz, AJ, Israel, BA, Mentz, G, Miranda, PY, Opperman, A & Odoms-Young, AM 2014, 'Food shopping behaviours and exposure to discrimination', Public Health Nutrition, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1167-1176. https://doi.org/10.1017/S136898001300075X

Food shopping behaviours and exposure to discrimination. / Zenk, Shannon N.; Schulz, Amy J.; Israel, Barbara A.; Mentz, Graciela; Miranda, Patricia Y.; Opperman, Alisha; Odoms-Young, Angela M.

In: Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 17, No. 5, 05.2014, p. 1167-1176.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Food shopping behaviours and exposure to discrimination

AU - Zenk, Shannon N.

AU - Schulz, Amy J.

AU - Israel, Barbara A.

AU - Mentz, Graciela

AU - Miranda, Patricia Y.

AU - Opperman, Alisha

AU - Odoms-Young, Angela M.

PY - 2014/5

Y1 - 2014/5

N2 - Objective The present study examined food shopping behaviours, particularly distance to grocery shop, and exposure to discrimination. Design Cross-sectional observational study utilizing data from a community survey, neighbourhood food environment observations and the decennial census. Setting Three communities in Detroit, Michigan, USA. Subjects Probability sample of 919 African-American, Latino and white adults in 146 census blocks and sixty-nine census block groups. Results On average, respondents shopped for groceries 3·1 miles (4·99 km) from home, with 30·9 % shopping within 1 mile (1·61 km) and 22·3 % shopping more than 5 miles (8·05 km) from home. Longer distance to shop was associated with being younger, African-American (compared with Latino), a woman, higher socio-economic status, lower satisfaction with the neighbourhood food environment, and living in a neighbourhood with higher poverty, without a large grocery store and further from the nearest supermarket. African-Americans and those with the lowest incomes were particularly likely to report unfair treatment at food outlets. Each mile (1·61 km) increase in distance to shop was associated with a 7 % increase in the odds of unfair treatment; this relationship did not differ by race/ethnicity. Conclusions The study suggests that unfair treatment in retail interactions warrants investigation as a pathway by which restricted neighbourhood food environments and food shopping behaviours may adversely affect health and contribute to health disparities. Efforts to promote 'healthy' and equitable food environments should emphasize local availability and affordability of a range of healthy food products, as well as fair treatment while shopping regardless of race/ethnicity or socio-economic status.

AB - Objective The present study examined food shopping behaviours, particularly distance to grocery shop, and exposure to discrimination. Design Cross-sectional observational study utilizing data from a community survey, neighbourhood food environment observations and the decennial census. Setting Three communities in Detroit, Michigan, USA. Subjects Probability sample of 919 African-American, Latino and white adults in 146 census blocks and sixty-nine census block groups. Results On average, respondents shopped for groceries 3·1 miles (4·99 km) from home, with 30·9 % shopping within 1 mile (1·61 km) and 22·3 % shopping more than 5 miles (8·05 km) from home. Longer distance to shop was associated with being younger, African-American (compared with Latino), a woman, higher socio-economic status, lower satisfaction with the neighbourhood food environment, and living in a neighbourhood with higher poverty, without a large grocery store and further from the nearest supermarket. African-Americans and those with the lowest incomes were particularly likely to report unfair treatment at food outlets. Each mile (1·61 km) increase in distance to shop was associated with a 7 % increase in the odds of unfair treatment; this relationship did not differ by race/ethnicity. Conclusions The study suggests that unfair treatment in retail interactions warrants investigation as a pathway by which restricted neighbourhood food environments and food shopping behaviours may adversely affect health and contribute to health disparities. Efforts to promote 'healthy' and equitable food environments should emphasize local availability and affordability of a range of healthy food products, as well as fair treatment while shopping regardless of race/ethnicity or socio-economic status.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84922480235&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84922480235&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S136898001300075X

DO - 10.1017/S136898001300075X

M3 - Article

C2 - 23534814

AN - SCOPUS:84922480235

VL - 17

SP - 1167

EP - 1176

JO - Public Health Nutrition

JF - Public Health Nutrition

SN - 1368-9800

IS - 5

ER -

Zenk SN, Schulz AJ, Israel BA, Mentz G, Miranda PY, Opperman A et al. Food shopping behaviours and exposure to discrimination. Public Health Nutrition. 2014 May;17(5):1167-1176. https://doi.org/10.1017/S136898001300075X