Forced flame response of a lean premixed multi-nozzle can combustor

Michael T. Szedlmayer, Bryan David Quay, Janith Samarasinghe, Alex De Rosa, Jong Guen Lee, Domenic A. Santavicca

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    24 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    An experimental investigation was conducted to determine the air-forced flame response of a five-nozzle, 250 kW, lean premixed gas turbine can combustor. Operating conditions were varied over a range of inlet temperatures, inlet velocities, and equivalence ratios, while the forcing frequency was varied from 100 to 450 Hz with constant normalized velocity fluctuations of approximately 5%. The response of the flame's rate of heat release to inlet velocity fluctuations is expressed in terms of the phase and gain of a flame transfer function. In addition, chemiluminescence imaging is used to characterize the time-averaged and phase-averaged spatial distribution of the flame's heat release. The resulting flame transfer functions and chemiluminescence flame images are compared to each other to determine the effects of varying the operating conditions. In addition, they are compared to data obtained from a single- nozzle combustor with the same injector. The forced response of the multi-nozzle flame demonstrates a similar pattern to those obtained in a single- nozzle combustor with the same injector. An exception occurs at high frequency where the multi-nozzle flame responds to a greater degree than the single-nozzle flame. At low frequency the multi-nozzle flame dampens the perturbations while the single-nozzle flame amplifies them. A number of minima and maxima occur at certain frequencies which correspond to the interference of two mechanisms. The frequency of these minima is nearly the same for the single-and multi-nozzle cases. When plotted with respect to Strouhal number instead of frequency there is a degree of collapse that occurs around the first observed minima.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationASME 2011 Turbo Expo
    Subtitle of host publicationTurbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT2011
    Pages883-891
    Number of pages9
    EditionPARTS A AND B
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 1 2011
    EventASME 2011 Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT2011 - Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Duration: Jun 6 2011Jun 10 2011

    Publication series

    NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
    NumberPARTS A AND B
    Volume2

    Other

    OtherASME 2011 Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT2011
    CountryCanada
    CityVancouver, BC
    Period6/6/116/10/11

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    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Engineering(all)

    Cite this

    Szedlmayer, M. T., Quay, B. D., Samarasinghe, J., De Rosa, A., Lee, J. G., & Santavicca, D. A. (2011). Forced flame response of a lean premixed multi-nozzle can combustor. In ASME 2011 Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT2011 (PARTS A AND B ed., pp. 883-891). (Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo; Vol. 2, No. PARTS A AND B). https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2011-46080