We examined the effects of unilateral, nondominant forearm training (4 wk) on blood pressure and forearm metabolites during ischemic and nonischemic rhythmic handgrip (30 1-s contractions/min at 25% maximal voluntary contraction). Contractions were performed by 10 subjects with the forearm enclosed in a pressurized Plexiglas tank to induce ischemic conditions. Training increased the endurance time in the nondominant arm by 102% (protocol 1). In protocol 2, tank pressure was increased in increments of 10 mmHg/min to +50 mmHg. Training raised the positive-pressure threshold necessary to engage the pressor response. In protocol 3, handgrip was performed at +50 mmHg and venous blood samples were analyzed. Training attenuated mean arterial pressure (109 ± 5 and 98 ± 4 mmHg pre- and posttraining, respectively, P < 0.01), venous lactate (2.9 ± 0.4 and 1.8 ± 0.3 mmol/1 pre- and posttraining, respectively, P < 0.01), and the pH response (7.21 ± 0.02 and 7.25 ± 0.01, pre- and posttraining, respectively, P < 0.01). However, deep venous O2 saturation was unchanged. Training increased the positive-pressure threshold for metaboreceptor engagement, reduced metabolite concentrations, and reduced mean arterial pressure during ischemic exercise.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)