Formation of carbonaceous deposits from thermal-oxidative degradation of jet fuel in a flow reactor

Ramya Venkataraman, Semih Eser

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Jet fuel tends to form solid deposits when exposed to elevated temperatures and pressures in an oxidative environment during jet engine operation. These solid deposits can cause operational and maintenance problems in fuel system components and, in extreme cases, engine failure. In this study, the degradation of a commercial aviation fuel, Jet A, a predominantly aliphatic fuel, deposited carbonaceous solids that consist of condensed polyaromatic hydrocarbons at relatively low temperatures under oxidative conditions in a flow reactor. The deposit particles exhibit a spherical morphology indicating their formation in the fluid phase. The particles consist of condensed polyaromatic hydrocarbons with varying degrees of structural order. Microscopy and electron diffraction studies showed that the internal structure and the interlayer spacing of these deposits are comparable to certain types of diesel soot. The formation of solids under oxidative conditions led to the incorporation of oxygen functional groups on particle surfaces.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication234th ACS National Meeting, Abstracts of Scientific Papers
StatePublished - Dec 31 2007
Event234th ACS National Meeting - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Aug 19 2007Aug 23 2007

Publication series

NameACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
ISSN (Print)0065-7727

Other

Other234th ACS National Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityBoston, MA
Period8/19/078/23/07

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Venkataraman, R., & Eser, S. (2007). Formation of carbonaceous deposits from thermal-oxidative degradation of jet fuel in a flow reactor. In 234th ACS National Meeting, Abstracts of Scientific Papers (ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts).