Formation of high electromagnetic gradients through a particle-based microfluidic approach

Yuh Lin, Tak Sing Wong, Urvashi Bhardwaj, Jia Ming Chen, Edward McCabe, Chih Ming Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ability to generate strong magnetic field gradients is a prerequisite for efficient magnetic-based cell/bio-particle separation or concentration. Creating these gradients is difficult under microscale fluidic devices. Conventional MEMS magnetic-based microfluidic devices involve the use of non-trivial and expensive multi-layer fabrication processes in order to produce magnetic field generators/concentrators (e.g. metal coil/ferromagnetic structures) around the microfluidic channels. A microfluidic device with simplified fabrication procedures while achieving the same functional purposes of magnetic separation/concentration of particles is highly desirable. Here, we propose a simple single-layer, single-mask fabrication technique for magnetic MEMS fluidic device construction, where nickel microparticles can be monolithographically integrated into any configurations. We constructed the microfluidic device through conventional PDMS replicate molding, with injection of nickel microparticles into a side channel 25 νm apart from the main separation channel. The nickel microparticles are responsible for bending and concentrating the external magnetic field for gradient generation. This magnetic field gradient induced magnetic forces on the particles present in the main channel. The force generated by the presence of the nickel particles is 3.31 times greater than that without the use of a magnetic field concentrator (i.e. nickel particles). The proposed methodology can be extended for the development of automated high-throughput microfluidic cell separation devices. The simplicity of fabrication and enhanced magnetic separation efficiency shows great promise for future microfluidic systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number012
Pages (from-to)1299-1306
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
Volume17
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2007

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Microfluidics
Nickel
Magnetic fields
Fluidic devices
Fabrication
Magnetic separation
MEMS
Molding
Masks
Metals
Throughput

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Lin, Yuh ; Wong, Tak Sing ; Bhardwaj, Urvashi ; Chen, Jia Ming ; McCabe, Edward ; Ho, Chih Ming. / Formation of high electromagnetic gradients through a particle-based microfluidic approach. In: Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering. 2007 ; Vol. 17, No. 7. pp. 1299-1306.
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Formation of high electromagnetic gradients through a particle-based microfluidic approach. / Lin, Yuh; Wong, Tak Sing; Bhardwaj, Urvashi; Chen, Jia Ming; McCabe, Edward; Ho, Chih Ming.

In: Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 17, No. 7, 012, 01.07.2007, p. 1299-1306.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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