Formation of Hollow Nanocrystals Through the Nanoscale Kirkendall Effect

Yadong Yin, Robert M. Rioux, Can K. Erdonmez, Steven Hughes, Gabor A. Somorjal, A. Paul Alivisatos

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Hollow nanocrystals can be synthesized through a mechanism analogous to the Kirkendall Effect, in which pores form because of the difference in diffusion rates between two components in a diffusion couple. Starting with cobalt nanocrystals, we show that their reaction in solution with oxygen and either sulfur or selenium leads to the formation of hollow nanocrystals of the resulting oxide and chalcogenides. This process provides a general route to the synthesis of hollow nanostructures of a large number of compounds. A simple extension of the process yielded platinum-cobalt oxide yolk-shell nanostructures, which may serve as nanoscale reactors in catalytic applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)711-714
Number of pages4
Issue number5671
StatePublished - Apr 30 2004


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

Yin, Y., Rioux, R. M., Erdonmez, C. K., Hughes, S., Somorjal, G. A., & Alivisatos, A. P. (2004). Formation of Hollow Nanocrystals Through the Nanoscale Kirkendall Effect. Science, 304(5671), 711-714.