A simple phenomenological model for pattern formation in a vertically vibrated layer of granular particles is proposed. This model exhibits a variety of stable cellular patterns including standing rolls and squares as well as localized excitations (oscillons and worms), similar to recent experimental observations (Umbanhowar et al., 1996). The model is an order parameter equation for the parametrically excited waves coupled to the mass conservation law. The structure and dynamics of the solutions resemble closely the properties of patterns observed in the experiments.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications|
|State||Published - Jan 2 1998|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics