Foundations for Living: Evaluation of an Integrated Employment and Housing Program for People Living With HIV

Yung Chen Jen Chiu, Liza M. Conyers, Sun Hee J. Eissenstat, Mark Misrok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Unstable housing and unemployment have been identified as major structural barriers to optimal HIV treatment outcomes among people living with HIV (PLWH). One solution is to provide integrated services that combine medical, employment, housing, and other psychosocial services to address the complex needs of PLWH. This program evaluation reports outcomes of the Foundations for Living program: an integrated employment and housing services program designed for PLWH. Employment and housing outcomes of participants who completed at least one 6-month reassessment were reported by frequency analysis. HIV immune health (CD4 count and viral load) are examined using a matched paired t test. HIV prevention outcomes were assessed by examining changes in the percent of participants with an undetectable viral load. Our findings indicate that among the participants who completed reassessments, 44.8% gained or maintained employment, 86.2% achieved viral load suppression, 75.9% achieved undetectable at the final reassessment. There was no statistical difference between the mean of CD4 count and viral load reported at intake and those reported during the final reassessment. Over half of the participants experienced unstable employment during the program, indicating that significant barriers to employment remain for this population. Implications for rehabilitation counseling practice and research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)222-234
Number of pages13
JournalRehabilitation Counseling Bulletin
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Rehabilitation
  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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