Although many factors contribute to cellular differentiation, the role of mitochondria Ca2+ dynamics during development remains unexplored. Because mammalian embryonic epiblasts reside in a hypoxic environment, we intended to understand whether mCa2+ and its transport machineries are regulated during hypoxia. Tissues from multiple organs of developing mouse embryo evidenced a suppression of MICU1 expression with nominal changes on other MCU complex components. As surrogate models, we here utilized human embryonic stem cells (hESCs)/induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) and primary neonatal myocytes to delineate the mechanisms that control mCa2+ and bioenergetics during development. Analysis of MICU1 expression in hESCs/hiPSCs showed low abundance of MICU1 due to its direct repression by Foxd1. Experimentally, restoration of MICU1 established the periodic cCa2+ oscillations and promoted cellular differentiation and maturation. These findings establish a role of mCa2+ dynamics in regulation of cellular differentiation and reveal a molecular mechanism underlying this contribution through differential regulation of MICU1.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)