FPGA-based trigger system for the LUX dark matter experiment

D. S. Akerib, H. M. Araújo, X. Bai, A. J. Bailey, J. Balajthy, P. Beltrame, E. P. Bernard, A. Bernstein, T. P. Biesiadzinski, E. M. Boulton, A. Bradley, R. Bramante, S. B. Cahn, M. C. Carmona-Benitez, C. Chan, J. J. Chapman, A. A. Chiller, C. Chiller, A. Currie, J. E. CutterT. J.R. Davison, L. De Viveiros, A. Dobi, J. E.Y. Dobson, E. Druszkiewicz, B. N. Edwards, C. H. Faham, S. Fiorucci, R. J. Gaitskell, V. M. Gehman, C. Ghag, K. R. Gibson, M. G.D. Gilchriese, C. R. Hall, M. Hanhardt, S. J. Haselschwardt, S. A. Hertel, D. P. Hogan, M. Horn, D. Q. Huang, C. M. Ignarra, M. Ihm, R. G. Jacobsen, W. Ji, K. Kazkaz, D. Khaitan, R. Knoche, N. A. Larsen, C. Lee, B. G. Lenardo, K. T. Lesko, A. Lindote, M. I. Lopes, D. C. Malling, A. G. Manalaysay, R. L. Mannino, M. F. Marzioni, D. N. McKinsey, D. M. Mei, J. Mock, M. Moongweluwan, J. A. Morad, A. St J. Murphy, C. Nehrkorn, H. N. Nelson, F. Neves, K. O'Sullivan, K. C. Oliver-Mallory, R. A. Ott, K. J. Palladino, M. Pangilinan, E. K. Pease, P. Phelps, L. Reichhart, C. Rhyne, S. Shaw, T. A. Shutt, C. Silva, W. Skulski, V. N. Solovov, P. Sorensen, S. Stephenson, T. J. Sumner, M. Szydagis, D. J. Taylor, W. Taylor, B. P. Tennyson, P. A. Terman, D. R. Tiedt, W. H. To, M. Tripathi, L. Tvrznikova, S. Uvarov, J. R. Verbus, R. C. Webb, J. T. White, T. J. Whitis, M. S. Witherell, F. L.H. Wolfs, J. Yin, S. K. Young, C. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

LUX is a two-phase (liquid/gas) xenon time projection chamber designed to detect nuclear recoils resulting from interactions with dark matter particles. Signals from the detector are processed with an FPGA-based digital trigger system that analyzes the incoming data in real-time, with just a few microsecond latency. The system enables first pass selection of events of interest based on their pulse shape characteristics and 3D localization of the interactions. It has been shown to be >99% efficient in triggering on S2 signals induced by only few extracted liquid electrons. It is continuously and reliably operating since its full underground deployment in early 2013. This document is an overview of the systems capabilities, its inner workings, and its performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-67
Number of pages11
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume818
DOIs
StatePublished - May 11 2016

Fingerprint

Field programmable gate arrays (FPGA)
dark matter
actuators
Xenon
Liquids
xenon
liquid phases
chambers
projection
Experiments
interactions
Detectors
Electrons
detectors
liquids
pulses
Gases
gases
electrons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Akerib, D. S. ; Araújo, H. M. ; Bai, X. ; Bailey, A. J. ; Balajthy, J. ; Beltrame, P. ; Bernard, E. P. ; Bernstein, A. ; Biesiadzinski, T. P. ; Boulton, E. M. ; Bradley, A. ; Bramante, R. ; Cahn, S. B. ; Carmona-Benitez, M. C. ; Chan, C. ; Chapman, J. J. ; Chiller, A. A. ; Chiller, C. ; Currie, A. ; Cutter, J. E. ; Davison, T. J.R. ; De Viveiros, L. ; Dobi, A. ; Dobson, J. E.Y. ; Druszkiewicz, E. ; Edwards, B. N. ; Faham, C. H. ; Fiorucci, S. ; Gaitskell, R. J. ; Gehman, V. M. ; Ghag, C. ; Gibson, K. R. ; Gilchriese, M. G.D. ; Hall, C. R. ; Hanhardt, M. ; Haselschwardt, S. J. ; Hertel, S. A. ; Hogan, D. P. ; Horn, M. ; Huang, D. Q. ; Ignarra, C. M. ; Ihm, M. ; Jacobsen, R. G. ; Ji, W. ; Kazkaz, K. ; Khaitan, D. ; Knoche, R. ; Larsen, N. A. ; Lee, C. ; Lenardo, B. G. ; Lesko, K. T. ; Lindote, A. ; Lopes, M. I. ; Malling, D. C. ; Manalaysay, A. G. ; Mannino, R. L. ; Marzioni, M. F. ; McKinsey, D. N. ; Mei, D. M. ; Mock, J. ; Moongweluwan, M. ; Morad, J. A. ; Murphy, A. St J. ; Nehrkorn, C. ; Nelson, H. N. ; Neves, F. ; O'Sullivan, K. ; Oliver-Mallory, K. C. ; Ott, R. A. ; Palladino, K. J. ; Pangilinan, M. ; Pease, E. K. ; Phelps, P. ; Reichhart, L. ; Rhyne, C. ; Shaw, S. ; Shutt, T. A. ; Silva, C. ; Skulski, W. ; Solovov, V. N. ; Sorensen, P. ; Stephenson, S. ; Sumner, T. J. ; Szydagis, M. ; Taylor, D. J. ; Taylor, W. ; Tennyson, B. P. ; Terman, P. A. ; Tiedt, D. R. ; To, W. H. ; Tripathi, M. ; Tvrznikova, L. ; Uvarov, S. ; Verbus, J. R. ; Webb, R. C. ; White, J. T. ; Whitis, T. J. ; Witherell, M. S. ; Wolfs, F. L.H. ; Yin, J. ; Young, S. K. ; Zhang, C. / FPGA-based trigger system for the LUX dark matter experiment. In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 2016 ; Vol. 818. pp. 57-67.
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Akerib, DS, Araújo, HM, Bai, X, Bailey, AJ, Balajthy, J, Beltrame, P, Bernard, EP, Bernstein, A, Biesiadzinski, TP, Boulton, EM, Bradley, A, Bramante, R, Cahn, SB, Carmona-Benitez, MC, Chan, C, Chapman, JJ, Chiller, AA, Chiller, C, Currie, A, Cutter, JE, Davison, TJR, De Viveiros, L, Dobi, A, Dobson, JEY, Druszkiewicz, E, Edwards, BN, Faham, CH, Fiorucci, S, Gaitskell, RJ, Gehman, VM, Ghag, C, Gibson, KR, Gilchriese, MGD, Hall, CR, Hanhardt, M, Haselschwardt, SJ, Hertel, SA, Hogan, DP, Horn, M, Huang, DQ, Ignarra, CM, Ihm, M, Jacobsen, RG, Ji, W, Kazkaz, K, Khaitan, D, Knoche, R, Larsen, NA, Lee, C, Lenardo, BG, Lesko, KT, Lindote, A, Lopes, MI, Malling, DC, Manalaysay, AG, Mannino, RL, Marzioni, MF, McKinsey, DN, Mei, DM, Mock, J, Moongweluwan, M, Morad, JA, Murphy, ASJ, Nehrkorn, C, Nelson, HN, Neves, F, O'Sullivan, K, Oliver-Mallory, KC, Ott, RA, Palladino, KJ, Pangilinan, M, Pease, EK, Phelps, P, Reichhart, L, Rhyne, C, Shaw, S, Shutt, TA, Silva, C, Skulski, W, Solovov, VN, Sorensen, P, Stephenson, S, Sumner, TJ, Szydagis, M, Taylor, DJ, Taylor, W, Tennyson, BP, Terman, PA, Tiedt, DR, To, WH, Tripathi, M, Tvrznikova, L, Uvarov, S, Verbus, JR, Webb, RC, White, JT, Whitis, TJ, Witherell, MS, Wolfs, FLH, Yin, J, Young, SK & Zhang, C 2016, 'FPGA-based trigger system for the LUX dark matter experiment', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol. 818, pp. 57-67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2016.02.017

FPGA-based trigger system for the LUX dark matter experiment. / Akerib, D. S.; Araújo, H. M.; Bai, X.; Bailey, A. J.; Balajthy, J.; Beltrame, P.; Bernard, E. P.; Bernstein, A.; Biesiadzinski, T. P.; Boulton, E. M.; Bradley, A.; Bramante, R.; Cahn, S. B.; Carmona-Benitez, M. C.; Chan, C.; Chapman, J. J.; Chiller, A. A.; Chiller, C.; Currie, A.; Cutter, J. E.; Davison, T. J.R.; De Viveiros, L.; Dobi, A.; Dobson, J. E.Y.; Druszkiewicz, E.; Edwards, B. N.; Faham, C. H.; Fiorucci, S.; Gaitskell, R. J.; Gehman, V. M.; Ghag, C.; Gibson, K. R.; Gilchriese, M. G.D.; Hall, C. R.; Hanhardt, M.; Haselschwardt, S. J.; Hertel, S. A.; Hogan, D. P.; Horn, M.; Huang, D. Q.; Ignarra, C. M.; Ihm, M.; Jacobsen, R. G.; Ji, W.; Kazkaz, K.; Khaitan, D.; Knoche, R.; Larsen, N. A.; Lee, C.; Lenardo, B. G.; Lesko, K. T.; Lindote, A.; Lopes, M. I.; Malling, D. C.; Manalaysay, A. G.; Mannino, R. L.; Marzioni, M. F.; McKinsey, D. N.; Mei, D. M.; Mock, J.; Moongweluwan, M.; Morad, J. A.; Murphy, A. St J.; Nehrkorn, C.; Nelson, H. N.; Neves, F.; O'Sullivan, K.; Oliver-Mallory, K. C.; Ott, R. A.; Palladino, K. J.; Pangilinan, M.; Pease, E. K.; Phelps, P.; Reichhart, L.; Rhyne, C.; Shaw, S.; Shutt, T. A.; Silva, C.; Skulski, W.; Solovov, V. N.; Sorensen, P.; Stephenson, S.; Sumner, T. J.; Szydagis, M.; Taylor, D. J.; Taylor, W.; Tennyson, B. P.; Terman, P. A.; Tiedt, D. R.; To, W. H.; Tripathi, M.; Tvrznikova, L.; Uvarov, S.; Verbus, J. R.; Webb, R. C.; White, J. T.; Whitis, T. J.; Witherell, M. S.; Wolfs, F. L.H.; Yin, J.; Young, S. K.; Zhang, C.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 818, 11.05.2016, p. 57-67.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - FPGA-based trigger system for the LUX dark matter experiment

AU - Akerib, D. S.

AU - Araújo, H. M.

AU - Bai, X.

AU - Bailey, A. J.

AU - Balajthy, J.

AU - Beltrame, P.

AU - Bernard, E. P.

AU - Bernstein, A.

AU - Biesiadzinski, T. P.

AU - Boulton, E. M.

AU - Bradley, A.

AU - Bramante, R.

AU - Cahn, S. B.

AU - Carmona-Benitez, M. C.

AU - Chan, C.

AU - Chapman, J. J.

AU - Chiller, A. A.

AU - Chiller, C.

AU - Currie, A.

AU - Cutter, J. E.

AU - Davison, T. J.R.

AU - De Viveiros, L.

AU - Dobi, A.

AU - Dobson, J. E.Y.

AU - Druszkiewicz, E.

AU - Edwards, B. N.

AU - Faham, C. H.

AU - Fiorucci, S.

AU - Gaitskell, R. J.

AU - Gehman, V. M.

AU - Ghag, C.

AU - Gibson, K. R.

AU - Gilchriese, M. G.D.

AU - Hall, C. R.

AU - Hanhardt, M.

AU - Haselschwardt, S. J.

AU - Hertel, S. A.

AU - Hogan, D. P.

AU - Horn, M.

AU - Huang, D. Q.

AU - Ignarra, C. M.

AU - Ihm, M.

AU - Jacobsen, R. G.

AU - Ji, W.

AU - Kazkaz, K.

AU - Khaitan, D.

AU - Knoche, R.

AU - Larsen, N. A.

AU - Lee, C.

AU - Lenardo, B. G.

AU - Lesko, K. T.

AU - Lindote, A.

AU - Lopes, M. I.

AU - Malling, D. C.

AU - Manalaysay, A. G.

AU - Mannino, R. L.

AU - Marzioni, M. F.

AU - McKinsey, D. N.

AU - Mei, D. M.

AU - Mock, J.

AU - Moongweluwan, M.

AU - Morad, J. A.

AU - Murphy, A. St J.

AU - Nehrkorn, C.

AU - Nelson, H. N.

AU - Neves, F.

AU - O'Sullivan, K.

AU - Oliver-Mallory, K. C.

AU - Ott, R. A.

AU - Palladino, K. J.

AU - Pangilinan, M.

AU - Pease, E. K.

AU - Phelps, P.

AU - Reichhart, L.

AU - Rhyne, C.

AU - Shaw, S.

AU - Shutt, T. A.

AU - Silva, C.

AU - Skulski, W.

AU - Solovov, V. N.

AU - Sorensen, P.

AU - Stephenson, S.

AU - Sumner, T. J.

AU - Szydagis, M.

AU - Taylor, D. J.

AU - Taylor, W.

AU - Tennyson, B. P.

AU - Terman, P. A.

AU - Tiedt, D. R.

AU - To, W. H.

AU - Tripathi, M.

AU - Tvrznikova, L.

AU - Uvarov, S.

AU - Verbus, J. R.

AU - Webb, R. C.

AU - White, J. T.

AU - Whitis, T. J.

AU - Witherell, M. S.

AU - Wolfs, F. L.H.

AU - Yin, J.

AU - Young, S. K.

AU - Zhang, C.

PY - 2016/5/11

Y1 - 2016/5/11

N2 - LUX is a two-phase (liquid/gas) xenon time projection chamber designed to detect nuclear recoils resulting from interactions with dark matter particles. Signals from the detector are processed with an FPGA-based digital trigger system that analyzes the incoming data in real-time, with just a few microsecond latency. The system enables first pass selection of events of interest based on their pulse shape characteristics and 3D localization of the interactions. It has been shown to be >99% efficient in triggering on S2 signals induced by only few extracted liquid electrons. It is continuously and reliably operating since its full underground deployment in early 2013. This document is an overview of the systems capabilities, its inner workings, and its performance.

AB - LUX is a two-phase (liquid/gas) xenon time projection chamber designed to detect nuclear recoils resulting from interactions with dark matter particles. Signals from the detector are processed with an FPGA-based digital trigger system that analyzes the incoming data in real-time, with just a few microsecond latency. The system enables first pass selection of events of interest based on their pulse shape characteristics and 3D localization of the interactions. It has been shown to be >99% efficient in triggering on S2 signals induced by only few extracted liquid electrons. It is continuously and reliably operating since its full underground deployment in early 2013. This document is an overview of the systems capabilities, its inner workings, and its performance.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84959551883&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84959551883&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.nima.2016.02.017

DO - 10.1016/j.nima.2016.02.017

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84959551883

VL - 818

SP - 57

EP - 67

JO - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

JF - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

SN - 0168-9002

ER -