Fractional angular momentum in cold-atom systems

Yuhe Zhang, G. J. Sreejith, N. D. Gemelke, J. K. Jain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

The quantum statistics of bosons or fermions are manifest through the even or odd relative angular momentum of a pair. We show theoretically that, under certain conditions, a pair of certain test particles immersed in a fractional quantum Hall state possesses, effectively, a fractional relative angular momentum, which can be interpreted in terms of fractional braid statistics. We propose that the fractionalization of the angular momentum can be detected directly through the measurement of the pair correlation function in rotating ultracold atomic systems in the fractional quantum Hall regime. Such a measurement will also provide direct evidence for the effective magnetic field resulting from Berry phases arising from attached vortices, and of excitations with a fractional particle number, analogous to the fractional charge of the electron fractional quantum Hall effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number160404
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume113
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 16 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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