Fracture related ulnar and sciatic nerve transections: a report of two cases and literature review

Russell A. Payne, Emily P. Sieg, Nathan Patrick, Michael Darowish, Elias Rizk, Sara Langan, Kimberly Harbaugh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Case reports, case series, and case control studies have looked at the incidence of complete nerve transection in the setting of fracture and the need for surgical exploration dating back to the 1920s. We present two cases of nerve laceration accompanying traumatic fracture with a thorough review of the literature. Methods: We used the following search terms: “ulnar nerve” OR “sciatic nerve” AND “laceration” OR “transection” AND “fracture.” Results were reviewed and included for discussion if they specifically reported ulnar or sciatic nerve laceration accompanying traumatic fracture. Results: Our search yielded 15 papers reporting a total of 10 ulnar nerve lacerations and nine sciatic nerve lacerations. We present two additional cases. The first is a patient with a humerus fracture and complete ulnar nerve transection. The second case is a patient who suffered a femur fracture and complete transection of the sciatic nerve. Conclusion: Nerve laceration accompanying traumatic fracture is rare. We review the reported cases of nerve laceration and present two cases treated at our institution. Though uncommon, nerve laceration should be considered in the setting of traumatic fracture with neurological injury, particularly open fractures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2187-2194
Number of pages8
JournalChild's Nervous System
Volume34
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018

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Ulnar Nerve
Lacerations
Sciatic Nerve
Open Fractures
Humerus
Femur
Case-Control Studies
Incidence
Wounds and Injuries

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

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title = "Fracture related ulnar and sciatic nerve transections: a report of two cases and literature review",
abstract = "Introduction: Case reports, case series, and case control studies have looked at the incidence of complete nerve transection in the setting of fracture and the need for surgical exploration dating back to the 1920s. We present two cases of nerve laceration accompanying traumatic fracture with a thorough review of the literature. Methods: We used the following search terms: “ulnar nerve” OR “sciatic nerve” AND “laceration” OR “transection” AND “fracture.” Results were reviewed and included for discussion if they specifically reported ulnar or sciatic nerve laceration accompanying traumatic fracture. Results: Our search yielded 15 papers reporting a total of 10 ulnar nerve lacerations and nine sciatic nerve lacerations. We present two additional cases. The first is a patient with a humerus fracture and complete ulnar nerve transection. The second case is a patient who suffered a femur fracture and complete transection of the sciatic nerve. Conclusion: Nerve laceration accompanying traumatic fracture is rare. We review the reported cases of nerve laceration and present two cases treated at our institution. Though uncommon, nerve laceration should be considered in the setting of traumatic fracture with neurological injury, particularly open fractures.",
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Fracture related ulnar and sciatic nerve transections : a report of two cases and literature review. / Payne, Russell A.; Sieg, Emily P.; Patrick, Nathan; Darowish, Michael; Rizk, Elias; Langan, Sara; Harbaugh, Kimberly.

In: Child's Nervous System, Vol. 34, No. 11, 01.11.2018, p. 2187-2194.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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AU - Payne, Russell A.

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AU - Patrick, Nathan

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AU - Langan, Sara

AU - Harbaugh, Kimberly

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N2 - Introduction: Case reports, case series, and case control studies have looked at the incidence of complete nerve transection in the setting of fracture and the need for surgical exploration dating back to the 1920s. We present two cases of nerve laceration accompanying traumatic fracture with a thorough review of the literature. Methods: We used the following search terms: “ulnar nerve” OR “sciatic nerve” AND “laceration” OR “transection” AND “fracture.” Results were reviewed and included for discussion if they specifically reported ulnar or sciatic nerve laceration accompanying traumatic fracture. Results: Our search yielded 15 papers reporting a total of 10 ulnar nerve lacerations and nine sciatic nerve lacerations. We present two additional cases. The first is a patient with a humerus fracture and complete ulnar nerve transection. The second case is a patient who suffered a femur fracture and complete transection of the sciatic nerve. Conclusion: Nerve laceration accompanying traumatic fracture is rare. We review the reported cases of nerve laceration and present two cases treated at our institution. Though uncommon, nerve laceration should be considered in the setting of traumatic fracture with neurological injury, particularly open fractures.

AB - Introduction: Case reports, case series, and case control studies have looked at the incidence of complete nerve transection in the setting of fracture and the need for surgical exploration dating back to the 1920s. We present two cases of nerve laceration accompanying traumatic fracture with a thorough review of the literature. Methods: We used the following search terms: “ulnar nerve” OR “sciatic nerve” AND “laceration” OR “transection” AND “fracture.” Results were reviewed and included for discussion if they specifically reported ulnar or sciatic nerve laceration accompanying traumatic fracture. Results: Our search yielded 15 papers reporting a total of 10 ulnar nerve lacerations and nine sciatic nerve lacerations. We present two additional cases. The first is a patient with a humerus fracture and complete ulnar nerve transection. The second case is a patient who suffered a femur fracture and complete transection of the sciatic nerve. Conclusion: Nerve laceration accompanying traumatic fracture is rare. We review the reported cases of nerve laceration and present two cases treated at our institution. Though uncommon, nerve laceration should be considered in the setting of traumatic fracture with neurological injury, particularly open fractures.

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