Free classification of Canadian and American emergency management map symbol standards

Raechel A. Bianchetti, Jan Oliver Wallgrün, Jinlong Yang, Justine Blanford, Anthony C. Robinson, Alexander Klippel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Emergency management in transnational contexts can be a challenging endeavour. Cultural and language differences among multiple countries can hinder the exchange of information during dynamic emergency response. With increasing international threats and the explosion of near real-time data availability, the emergency response process has become mired in complex communication practices. Maps have the potential to provide an intuitive medium for communication and means for establishing situation awareness during emergency events. The development of map symbol standards is one method for improving communication efficiency. This paper evaluates how the design of two national emergency management map symbol sets (American ANSI and Canadian EMS) influences map-readers' conception of represented information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)350-360
Number of pages11
JournalCartographic Journal
Volume49
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth-Surface Processes

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