Freeze-out parameters from electric charge and baryon number fluctuations: Is there consistency?

S. Borsanyi, Z. Fodor, S. D. Katz, S. Krieg, C. Ratti, K. K. Szabo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

109 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent results for moments of multiplicity distributions of net protons and net-electric charge from the STAR Collaboration are compared to lattice QCD results for higher order fluctuations of baryon number and electric charge by the Wuppertal-Budapest Collaboration, with the purpose of extracting the freeze-out temperature and chemical potential. All lattice simulations are performed for a system of 2+1 dynamical quark flavors, at the physical mass for light and strange quarks; all results are continuum extrapolated. We show that it is possible to extract an upper value for the freeze-out temperature, as well as precise baryochemical potential values corresponding to the four highest collision energies of the experimental beam energy scan. Consistency between the freeze-out parameters obtained from baryon number and electric charge fluctuations is found. The freeze-out chemical potentials are now in agreement with the statistical hadronization model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number052301
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume113
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 29 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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