Fresh and hardened properties of concrete incorporating recycled glass as 100% sand replacement

Jared R. Wright, Chris Cartwright, Dan Fura, Farshad Rajabipour

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Abstract

This paper investigates the use of glass cullet as a 100% sand replacement in Portland cement concrete (glasscrete) systems. Specifically, this paper evaluates the fresh and hardened properties of these systems in comparison with conventional natural sand concretes on the basis of similar 28-day design compressive strength, or the same w/cm. The results show that glasscrete mixtures need a lower w/cm to match the 28-day compressive strength of conventional concrete. In addition, glasscrete mixtures have greater elastic modulus, less drying shrinkage, less water sorptivity, and greater resistance against chloride ion penetration. Empirical curves are developed to provide material engineers and suppliers with necessary design specifications on the proper w/cm to implement when proportioning glasscrete mixtures. This study concludes that glasscrete mixtures are producible with adequate consistency and mechanical and durability performance, as long as the alkali-silicate reaction is properly controlled using pozzolanic materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number04014073
JournalJournal of Materials in Civil Engineering
Volume26
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

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