Friction of nonwoven wood-polypropylene fiber mats on heated steel platens

K. R. Englund, M. P. Wolcott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Pultrusion is a composites manufacturing process where a polymer-impregnated fiber mat or roving is pulled through a stationary die. The manufacture of wood-thermoplastic composites utilizing pultrusion requires knowledge of the composites' frictional properties. Many processing variables (e.g., normal stress, die temperature, sliding velocity, and moisture content) influence the frictional properties of synthetic and natural polymers. The coefficient of dynamic friction (μk) was determined for the contact of wood fiber-polypropylene (PP) composites against a smooth heated steel surface. The μk was found at varying PP fiber percentages, applied normal stresses, platen temperatures, and dwell times. A decrease in μk was observed with increasing applied normal stress and dwell time, with normal stress having the greatest influence on frictional properties. An increase in μk was observed with increasing PP fiber content and surface temperature above the melt temperature (Tm) of PP. Assuming an adhesion-controlled friction mechanism, the contact area and interfacial shear stress played an important role in property development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-105
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2005

Fingerprint

platens
Polypropylenes
Steel
polypropylene
pultrusion
Wood
friction
steels
Friction
Pultrusion
composite materials
fibers
dwell
Fibers
Composite materials
rovings
Natural polymers
Temperature
temperature
polymers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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abstract = "Pultrusion is a composites manufacturing process where a polymer-impregnated fiber mat or roving is pulled through a stationary die. The manufacture of wood-thermoplastic composites utilizing pultrusion requires knowledge of the composites' frictional properties. Many processing variables (e.g., normal stress, die temperature, sliding velocity, and moisture content) influence the frictional properties of synthetic and natural polymers. The coefficient of dynamic friction (μk) was determined for the contact of wood fiber-polypropylene (PP) composites against a smooth heated steel surface. The μk was found at varying PP fiber percentages, applied normal stresses, platen temperatures, and dwell times. A decrease in μk was observed with increasing applied normal stress and dwell time, with normal stress having the greatest influence on frictional properties. An increase in μk was observed with increasing PP fiber content and surface temperature above the melt temperature (Tm) of PP. Assuming an adhesion-controlled friction mechanism, the contact area and interfacial shear stress played an important role in property development.",
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Friction of nonwoven wood-polypropylene fiber mats on heated steel platens. / Englund, K. R.; Wolcott, M. P.

In: Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials, Vol. 18, No. 2, 01.03.2005, p. 95-105.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Pultrusion is a composites manufacturing process where a polymer-impregnated fiber mat or roving is pulled through a stationary die. The manufacture of wood-thermoplastic composites utilizing pultrusion requires knowledge of the composites' frictional properties. Many processing variables (e.g., normal stress, die temperature, sliding velocity, and moisture content) influence the frictional properties of synthetic and natural polymers. The coefficient of dynamic friction (μk) was determined for the contact of wood fiber-polypropylene (PP) composites against a smooth heated steel surface. The μk was found at varying PP fiber percentages, applied normal stresses, platen temperatures, and dwell times. A decrease in μk was observed with increasing applied normal stress and dwell time, with normal stress having the greatest influence on frictional properties. An increase in μk was observed with increasing PP fiber content and surface temperature above the melt temperature (Tm) of PP. Assuming an adhesion-controlled friction mechanism, the contact area and interfacial shear stress played an important role in property development.

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