Friends, academic achievement, and school engagement during adolescence: A social network approach to peer influence and selection effects

Ming Te Wang, Noona Kiuru, Jessica L. Degol, Katariina Salmela-Aro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Peers become increasingly important socializing agents for academic behaviors and attitudes during adolescence. This study investigated peer influence and selection effects on adolescents' emotional (i.e., flow in schoolwork, school burnout, school value), cognitive (i.e., school effort), and behavioral (i.e., truancy) engagement in school. A social network approach was used to examine students of post-comprehensive education in Finland (N = 1419; mean age = 16). Students were asked to nominate peers to generate peer networks and to describe their own school engagement at two time points (one year apart). Network analyses revealed that the degree to which peer influence and selection effects occurred varied by dimension of school engagement. Over time, peers influenced students' emotional, cognitive, and behavioral engagement. Similarity in behavioral engagement, but not in emotional and cognitive engagement, increased the likelihood of forming new peer relationships. Additionally, some of the peer influence and selection effects on school engagement were moderated by student academic achievement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)148-160
Number of pages13
JournalLearning and Instruction
Volume58
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Friends, academic achievement, and school engagement during adolescence: A social network approach to peer influence and selection effects'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this