Friends, academic achievement, and school engagement during adolescence: A social network approach to peer influence and selection effects

Ming Te Wang, Noona Kiuru, Jessica Lauren Degol, Katariina Salmela-Aro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Peers become increasingly important socializing agents for academic behaviors and attitudes during adolescence. This study investigated peer influence and selection effects on adolescents' emotional (i.e., flow in schoolwork, school burnout, school value), cognitive (i.e., school effort), and behavioral (i.e., truancy) engagement in school. A social network approach was used to examine students of post-comprehensive education in Finland (N = 1419; mean age = 16). Students were asked to nominate peers to generate peer networks and to describe their own school engagement at two time points (one year apart). Network analyses revealed that the degree to which peer influence and selection effects occurred varied by dimension of school engagement. Over time, peers influenced students' emotional, cognitive, and behavioral engagement. Similarity in behavioral engagement, but not in emotional and cognitive engagement, increased the likelihood of forming new peer relationships. Additionally, some of the peer influence and selection effects on school engagement were moderated by student academic achievement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)148-160
Number of pages13
JournalLearning and Instruction
Volume58
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

Fingerprint

Social Support
academic achievement
adolescence
social network
school
Students
student
agent of socialization
truancy
burnout
Finland
Peer Influence
adolescent
Education
Values
education

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

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abstract = "Peers become increasingly important socializing agents for academic behaviors and attitudes during adolescence. This study investigated peer influence and selection effects on adolescents' emotional (i.e., flow in schoolwork, school burnout, school value), cognitive (i.e., school effort), and behavioral (i.e., truancy) engagement in school. A social network approach was used to examine students of post-comprehensive education in Finland (N = 1419; mean age = 16). Students were asked to nominate peers to generate peer networks and to describe their own school engagement at two time points (one year apart). Network analyses revealed that the degree to which peer influence and selection effects occurred varied by dimension of school engagement. Over time, peers influenced students' emotional, cognitive, and behavioral engagement. Similarity in behavioral engagement, but not in emotional and cognitive engagement, increased the likelihood of forming new peer relationships. Additionally, some of the peer influence and selection effects on school engagement were moderated by student academic achievement.",
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Friends, academic achievement, and school engagement during adolescence : A social network approach to peer influence and selection effects. / Wang, Ming Te; Kiuru, Noona; Degol, Jessica Lauren; Salmela-Aro, Katariina.

In: Learning and Instruction, Vol. 58, 01.12.2018, p. 148-160.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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