From access to outcome equity: Revitalizing the democratic mission of the community college

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

By expanding higher education's enrollment capacity, community colleges are understood by many to play an important democratizing role in the American postsecondary system. As public institutions, they also face demands for accountability, productivity, and efficiency, which in recent years have led to a greater market orientation. This article analyzes the ideology of efficiency and its effects on the acclaimed democratizing mission of the public two-year sector. It argues that open access in the traditional sense of nonselective, low-cost enrollment has been eroded by the stratification of educational opportunity and by declining college affordability. Technical and economic efficiency are discussed as concepts having meaning and application distinct from the ideology of efficiency and that are not inherently at odds with equity goals. Performance accountability is explored as a mechanism to collect and examine detailed student outcome data and balance efficiency concerns with a focus on equity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)92-119
Number of pages28
JournalAnnals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Volume586
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2003

Fingerprint

equity
efficiency
community
ideology
market orientation
responsibility
economic efficiency
public institution
educational opportunity
open access
productivity
costs
performance
education
student

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

@article{8fa8f00538ea4384a061995df9df7b81,
title = "From access to outcome equity: Revitalizing the democratic mission of the community college",
abstract = "By expanding higher education's enrollment capacity, community colleges are understood by many to play an important democratizing role in the American postsecondary system. As public institutions, they also face demands for accountability, productivity, and efficiency, which in recent years have led to a greater market orientation. This article analyzes the ideology of efficiency and its effects on the acclaimed democratizing mission of the public two-year sector. It argues that open access in the traditional sense of nonselective, low-cost enrollment has been eroded by the stratification of educational opportunity and by declining college affordability. Technical and economic efficiency are discussed as concepts having meaning and application distinct from the ideology of efficiency and that are not inherently at odds with equity goals. Performance accountability is explored as a mechanism to collect and examine detailed student outcome data and balance efficiency concerns with a focus on equity.",
author = "Dowd, {Alicia C.}",
year = "2003",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0095399702250214",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "586",
pages = "92--119",
journal = "Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science",
issn = "0002-7162",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - From access to outcome equity

T2 - Revitalizing the democratic mission of the community college

AU - Dowd, Alicia C.

PY - 2003/3/1

Y1 - 2003/3/1

N2 - By expanding higher education's enrollment capacity, community colleges are understood by many to play an important democratizing role in the American postsecondary system. As public institutions, they also face demands for accountability, productivity, and efficiency, which in recent years have led to a greater market orientation. This article analyzes the ideology of efficiency and its effects on the acclaimed democratizing mission of the public two-year sector. It argues that open access in the traditional sense of nonselective, low-cost enrollment has been eroded by the stratification of educational opportunity and by declining college affordability. Technical and economic efficiency are discussed as concepts having meaning and application distinct from the ideology of efficiency and that are not inherently at odds with equity goals. Performance accountability is explored as a mechanism to collect and examine detailed student outcome data and balance efficiency concerns with a focus on equity.

AB - By expanding higher education's enrollment capacity, community colleges are understood by many to play an important democratizing role in the American postsecondary system. As public institutions, they also face demands for accountability, productivity, and efficiency, which in recent years have led to a greater market orientation. This article analyzes the ideology of efficiency and its effects on the acclaimed democratizing mission of the public two-year sector. It argues that open access in the traditional sense of nonselective, low-cost enrollment has been eroded by the stratification of educational opportunity and by declining college affordability. Technical and economic efficiency are discussed as concepts having meaning and application distinct from the ideology of efficiency and that are not inherently at odds with equity goals. Performance accountability is explored as a mechanism to collect and examine detailed student outcome data and balance efficiency concerns with a focus on equity.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=25844495056&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=25844495056&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0095399702250214

DO - 10.1177/0095399702250214

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:25844495056

VL - 586

SP - 92

EP - 119

JO - Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science

JF - Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science

SN - 0002-7162

ER -