Fuel additive effects on soot across a suite of laboratory devices, part 1: Ethanol

Thomas Litzinger, M. Colket, M. Kahandawala, V. Katta, S. Y. Lee, D. Liscinsky, K. McNesby, R. Pawlik, M. Roquemore, R. Santoro, S. Sidhu, S. Stouffer, J. Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The impact of a variety of non-metallic fuel additives on soot was investigated in a collaborative university, industry and government effort. The main objective of this program was to obtain fundamental understanding of the mechanisms through which blending compounds into a fuel affects soot emissions. The research team used a suite of laboratory devices that included a shock tube, a well-stirred reactor, a premixed flat flame, an opposed-jet diffusion flame, and a high pressure turbulent reactor. The work reported here focuses on the effects of ethanol addition to ethylene on soot. The addition of ethanol led to substantial reductions in soot in all of the devices except for the opposed-jet diffusion flame. Modeling of the premixed flame and opposed-jet diffusion flame was used to obtain insights into the mechanism behind the opposing effects of ethanol addition in these two flames.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)310-328
Number of pages19
JournalCombustion science and technology
Volume181
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2009

Fingerprint

Soot
Fuel additives
soot
diffusion flames
Ethanol
ethyl alcohol
flames
reactors
Shock tubes
premixed flames
shock tubes
Ethylene
ethylene
industries
Industry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Litzinger, Thomas ; Colket, M. ; Kahandawala, M. ; Katta, V. ; Lee, S. Y. ; Liscinsky, D. ; McNesby, K. ; Pawlik, R. ; Roquemore, M. ; Santoro, R. ; Sidhu, S. ; Stouffer, S. ; Wu, J. / Fuel additive effects on soot across a suite of laboratory devices, part 1 : Ethanol. In: Combustion science and technology. 2009 ; Vol. 181, No. 2. pp. 310-328.
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Litzinger, T, Colket, M, Kahandawala, M, Katta, V, Lee, SY, Liscinsky, D, McNesby, K, Pawlik, R, Roquemore, M, Santoro, R, Sidhu, S, Stouffer, S & Wu, J 2009, 'Fuel additive effects on soot across a suite of laboratory devices, part 1: Ethanol', Combustion science and technology, vol. 181, no. 2, pp. 310-328. https://doi.org/10.1080/00102200802437445

Fuel additive effects on soot across a suite of laboratory devices, part 1 : Ethanol. / Litzinger, Thomas; Colket, M.; Kahandawala, M.; Katta, V.; Lee, S. Y.; Liscinsky, D.; McNesby, K.; Pawlik, R.; Roquemore, M.; Santoro, R.; Sidhu, S.; Stouffer, S.; Wu, J.

In: Combustion science and technology, Vol. 181, No. 2, 01.02.2009, p. 310-328.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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