Fuel preheat as NOx abatement strategy for oxygen enriched turbulent diffusion flames

Emir M. Amin, Mohammed Pourkashanian, Andrew P. Richardson, Alan Williams, Loo T. Yap, Richard A. Yetter, N. Albert Moussa

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The high thermal efficiencies achievable in industrial furnaces through oxygen enrichment has attracted much interest. As a result, oxygen-enrichment techniques are used in various processes such as glass melting, ferrous as well as non-ferrous melting, cement production, lime production, etc. With the higher temperatures and the availability of oxygen, generally increased emissions of NOx have to be tolerated. In this study measurements in a laboratory scale oxygen enriched turbulent diffusion flames of preheated methane are presented. An axisymmetric burner with coflowing oxygen enriched air is used which employs direct electrical heating of the methane. Experimental techniques included the measurement of the radiant fluxes from the flame using pyrometry, on-line gas analysis for combustion products and a laser extinction technique for the measurement of soot concentration. The flow field was computed using the k-ε model with two step global reaction scheme. A simplified mechanistic model for soot formation is used. The model for soot and thermal NO was based on the laminar flamelet model. The fluctuations in the mixture fraction was a clipped Gaussian pdf. Results have shown that fuel preheating can locally reduce the temperature through enhanced soot formation. The result is a reduction in the EINOx emission as a result of reduced thermal NO formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages11
StatePublished - Dec 1 1995
EventProceedings of the 1995 International Joint Power Generation Conference. Part 1 (of 4) - Minneapolis, MN, USA
Duration: Oct 8 1995Oct 12 1995


OtherProceedings of the 1995 International Joint Power Generation Conference. Part 1 (of 4)
CityMinneapolis, MN, USA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering

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