# Full Eulerian finite element method of a phase field model for fluid-structure interaction problem

Pengtao Sun, Jinchao Xu, Lixiang Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

### Abstract

In this paper we present a full Eulerian model for a dynamic fluid-structure interaction (FSI) problem in terms of phase field approach, and design its full Eulerian finite element discretization and effective iterative method. The present full Eulerian FSI model effectively demonstrates the interaction between fluid flow and solid structure in terms of a uniform system of governing equations defined in a single domain, thus the computational grid is fixed, and the re-meshing and interpolation techniques which are always required by other FSI modeling approaches are no longer needed here. We develop a new stable scheme to discretize the Euler equation of an incompressible hyperelastic structure in Eulerian description, and employ Galerkin/least-square (GLS) stabilization scheme, streamline-upwind/Petrov-Galerkin (SUPG) method, and the second-order backward difference formula (BDF) to solve the derived transient nonlinear system of Navier-Stokes equations and transport equations. Numerical experiment is carried out for a cross spinning around its rotation of axis due to the passing flow field, and the numerical results dramatically show the spinning motion of the cross due to the interaction with the fluid, showing that our model and numerical methods are effective to simulate the dynamic fluid-structure interaction phenomena.

Original language English (US) 1-8 8 Computers and Fluids 90 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compfluid.2013.11.010 Published - Feb 10 2014

### Fingerprint

Fluid structure interaction
Finite element method
Euler equations
Galerkin methods
Iterative methods
Navier Stokes equations
Nonlinear systems
Flow of fluids
Numerical methods
Flow fields
Interpolation
Stabilization
Fluids
Experiments

### All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

• Computer Science(all)
• Engineering(all)

### Cite this

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title = "Full Eulerian finite element method of a phase field model for fluid-structure interaction problem",
abstract = "In this paper we present a full Eulerian model for a dynamic fluid-structure interaction (FSI) problem in terms of phase field approach, and design its full Eulerian finite element discretization and effective iterative method. The present full Eulerian FSI model effectively demonstrates the interaction between fluid flow and solid structure in terms of a uniform system of governing equations defined in a single domain, thus the computational grid is fixed, and the re-meshing and interpolation techniques which are always required by other FSI modeling approaches are no longer needed here. We develop a new stable scheme to discretize the Euler equation of an incompressible hyperelastic structure in Eulerian description, and employ Galerkin/least-square (GLS) stabilization scheme, streamline-upwind/Petrov-Galerkin (SUPG) method, and the second-order backward difference formula (BDF) to solve the derived transient nonlinear system of Navier-Stokes equations and transport equations. Numerical experiment is carried out for a cross spinning around its rotation of axis due to the passing flow field, and the numerical results dramatically show the spinning motion of the cross due to the interaction with the fluid, showing that our model and numerical methods are effective to simulate the dynamic fluid-structure interaction phenomena.",
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Full Eulerian finite element method of a phase field model for fluid-structure interaction problem. / Sun, Pengtao; Xu, Jinchao; Zhang, Lixiang.

In: Computers and Fluids, Vol. 90, 10.02.2014, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - In this paper we present a full Eulerian model for a dynamic fluid-structure interaction (FSI) problem in terms of phase field approach, and design its full Eulerian finite element discretization and effective iterative method. The present full Eulerian FSI model effectively demonstrates the interaction between fluid flow and solid structure in terms of a uniform system of governing equations defined in a single domain, thus the computational grid is fixed, and the re-meshing and interpolation techniques which are always required by other FSI modeling approaches are no longer needed here. We develop a new stable scheme to discretize the Euler equation of an incompressible hyperelastic structure in Eulerian description, and employ Galerkin/least-square (GLS) stabilization scheme, streamline-upwind/Petrov-Galerkin (SUPG) method, and the second-order backward difference formula (BDF) to solve the derived transient nonlinear system of Navier-Stokes equations and transport equations. Numerical experiment is carried out for a cross spinning around its rotation of axis due to the passing flow field, and the numerical results dramatically show the spinning motion of the cross due to the interaction with the fluid, showing that our model and numerical methods are effective to simulate the dynamic fluid-structure interaction phenomena.

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