Fully proportional representation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

110 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Even though voters can have complex preferences over multiple candidates or parties, all extant electoral systems provide political representation based solely or primarily on voters’ first preferences. I present a new concept of proportional representation that takes account of voters’ preferences over the full list of alternatives—fully proportional representation (FPR)—and schemes for its implementation. I outline a “pure” FPR scheme, but because this scheme would have several undesirable features when used by real voters, I also discuss modifications that account for these difficulties. Although there are a variety of interpretations of the role played by voting in democracy, several can be shown to suggest FPR as a normative ideal. Fully proportional representation provides us with new ways to conceptualize existing electoral systems, a new standard against which alternative systems can be evaluated, and several feasible alternatives for approximating this new ideal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)925-940
Number of pages16
JournalAmerican Political Science Review
Volume89
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

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proportional representation
electoral system
voting
candidacy
democracy
interpretation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Political Science and International Relations

Cite this

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Fully proportional representation. / Monroe, Burt.

In: American Political Science Review, Vol. 89, No. 4, 01.01.1995, p. 925-940.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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