Fumes-tu encore? Quitting among French and American smokers

2000–2010

Gary King, Romain Guignard, Ethan Reeder, François Beck, Donaldson F. Conserve, Pierre Arwidson, Robert B. Bendel, Eric Moolchan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: This article examines sociodemographic correlates of initiation and quitting among French and American smokers. Methods: National surveys in France and the United States in 2000, 2005, and 2010 were analyzed of ever smokers, 20–75 years old. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted on age of initiation and quitting. Results: Smoking prevalence decreased for Americans each survey year (25.2%, 22.9%, and 17.9%), whereas the comparable figures for the French were 33.9%, 31.5%, and 33.8%. French smokers consumed fewer cigarettes per day (12.9 vs. 14.4 in 2000, 13.5. vs. 16.8 in 2005, and 12.2 vs. 15.1 in 2010), began consuming at a later age, and smoked for a shorter duration. Multiple logistic regression results revealed significant differences in the odds ratios, indicating the relative influence of sociodemographic variables on age of initiation and quitting. Conclusions: Quitting smoking continues to be a major challenge, varying by similar factors, particularly education, in both France and the United States. Policy implications: Public policy initiatives to promote quitting must be strengthened, including the need to address population-specific inequalities and disparities in tobacco use and consequences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26-32
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Epidemiology
Volume34
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

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France
Logistic Models
Smoking
Tobacco Use
Public Policy
Tobacco Products
Odds Ratio
Regression Analysis
Education
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

King, G., Guignard, R., Reeder, E., Beck, F., Conserve, D. F., Arwidson, P., ... Moolchan, E. (2019). Fumes-tu encore? Quitting among French and American smokers: 2000–2010. Annals of Epidemiology, 34, 26-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.03.012
King, Gary ; Guignard, Romain ; Reeder, Ethan ; Beck, François ; Conserve, Donaldson F. ; Arwidson, Pierre ; Bendel, Robert B. ; Moolchan, Eric. / Fumes-tu encore? Quitting among French and American smokers : 2000–2010. In: Annals of Epidemiology. 2019 ; Vol. 34. pp. 26-32.
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King, G, Guignard, R, Reeder, E, Beck, F, Conserve, DF, Arwidson, P, Bendel, RB & Moolchan, E 2019, 'Fumes-tu encore? Quitting among French and American smokers: 2000–2010', Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 34, pp. 26-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.03.012

Fumes-tu encore? Quitting among French and American smokers : 2000–2010. / King, Gary; Guignard, Romain; Reeder, Ethan; Beck, François; Conserve, Donaldson F.; Arwidson, Pierre; Bendel, Robert B.; Moolchan, Eric.

In: Annals of Epidemiology, Vol. 34, 01.06.2019, p. 26-32.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - King, Gary

AU - Guignard, Romain

AU - Reeder, Ethan

AU - Beck, François

AU - Conserve, Donaldson F.

AU - Arwidson, Pierre

AU - Bendel, Robert B.

AU - Moolchan, Eric

PY - 2019/6/1

Y1 - 2019/6/1

N2 - Purpose: This article examines sociodemographic correlates of initiation and quitting among French and American smokers. Methods: National surveys in France and the United States in 2000, 2005, and 2010 were analyzed of ever smokers, 20–75 years old. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted on age of initiation and quitting. Results: Smoking prevalence decreased for Americans each survey year (25.2%, 22.9%, and 17.9%), whereas the comparable figures for the French were 33.9%, 31.5%, and 33.8%. French smokers consumed fewer cigarettes per day (12.9 vs. 14.4 in 2000, 13.5. vs. 16.8 in 2005, and 12.2 vs. 15.1 in 2010), began consuming at a later age, and smoked for a shorter duration. Multiple logistic regression results revealed significant differences in the odds ratios, indicating the relative influence of sociodemographic variables on age of initiation and quitting. Conclusions: Quitting smoking continues to be a major challenge, varying by similar factors, particularly education, in both France and the United States. Policy implications: Public policy initiatives to promote quitting must be strengthened, including the need to address population-specific inequalities and disparities in tobacco use and consequences.

AB - Purpose: This article examines sociodemographic correlates of initiation and quitting among French and American smokers. Methods: National surveys in France and the United States in 2000, 2005, and 2010 were analyzed of ever smokers, 20–75 years old. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted on age of initiation and quitting. Results: Smoking prevalence decreased for Americans each survey year (25.2%, 22.9%, and 17.9%), whereas the comparable figures for the French were 33.9%, 31.5%, and 33.8%. French smokers consumed fewer cigarettes per day (12.9 vs. 14.4 in 2000, 13.5. vs. 16.8 in 2005, and 12.2 vs. 15.1 in 2010), began consuming at a later age, and smoked for a shorter duration. Multiple logistic regression results revealed significant differences in the odds ratios, indicating the relative influence of sociodemographic variables on age of initiation and quitting. Conclusions: Quitting smoking continues to be a major challenge, varying by similar factors, particularly education, in both France and the United States. Policy implications: Public policy initiatives to promote quitting must be strengthened, including the need to address population-specific inequalities and disparities in tobacco use and consequences.

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