Functional Decline in Hospitalized Older Adults: Can Nursing Make a Difference?

Marie Boltz, Barbara Resnick, Elizabeth Capezuti, Joseph Shuluk, Michelle Secic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

Function-focused care (FFC) is an approach to care in which nurses help patients engage in activities of daily living (ADL) and physical activity, with the goal of preventing avoidable functional decline. This prospective, observational study, conducted with hospitalized older adults (N = 93) examined: 1) the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients who were provided FFC activity, and 2) the relationship between change in physical activity and FFC activities. Patients who received FFC were more likely: to be younger (. P = .028); had one or more falls during the hospitalization (. P = .048); had demonstrated better functional performance at admission (. P = .004) and better physical capability, measured by the Tinetti gait and balance scale (. P = .004). FFC was associated with less decrement in ADL function, admission to discharge, while considering patient characteristics (. t = 7.6; . P < .008). Results suggest that hospitalized older persons can benefit from FFC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-279
Number of pages8
JournalGeriatric Nursing
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gerontology

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