Functional mimic of dioxygen-activating centers in non-heme diiron enzymes: Mechanistic implications of paramagnetic intermediates in the reactions between diiron(II) complexes and dioxygen

Dongwhan Lee, Brad Pierce, Carsten Krebs, Michael P. Hendrich, Boi Hanh Huynh, Stephen J. Lippard

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Two tetracarboxylate diiron(II) complexes, [Fe2(μ-O2CArTol)2 (O2CArTol)2 (C5H5N)2] (1a) and [Fe2μ-O2CArTol)4 (4-tBuC5H4N)2] (2a), where ArTolCO2- = 2,6-di(p-tolyl)benzoate, react with 02 in CH2Cl2 at -78°C to afford dark green intermediates 1b (λmax ≅ 660 nm; ε = 1600 M-1 cm-1) and 2b λmax ≅ 670 nm; ε = 1700 M-1 cm-1), respectively. Upon warming to room temperature, the solutions turn yellow, ultimately converting to isolable diiron(III) compounds [Fe2(μ-OH)2(μ-02CArTol) 2(O2CArTol)2L2] (L = C5H5N (1c), 4-tBuC5H4N (2c)). EPR and Mössbauer spectroscopic studies revealed the presence of equimolar amounts of valence-delocalized FeIIFeIII and valence-trapped FeIIIFeIV species as major components of solution 2b. The spectroscopic and reactivity properties of the FeIIIFeIV species are similar to those of the intermediate X in the RNR-R2 catalytic cycle. EPR kinetic studies revealed that the processes leading to the formation of these two distinctive paramagnetic components are coupled to one another. A mechanism for this reaction is proposed and compared with those of other synthetic and biological systems, in which electron transfer occurs from a low-valent starting material to putative high-valent dioxygen adduct(s).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3993-4007
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number15
StatePublished - Apr 17 2002


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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