Function of cerebellum in control and coordination of motor function has been well established for several years. Recent functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies reveal activation of cerebellum with memory, speech and language tasks. We hypothesize that during every function in the brain signals are relayed to cerebellum. We seek to analyze cognitive, emotional and social functions of cerebellum in patients with brain tumors and epilepsy utilizing functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Fifty-one consecutive adult patients who underwent functional MRI examination were retrospectively analyzed for various activation patterns involving cerebellum. The neuropsychological battery of tasks assessed motor, language, memory, visual and auditory functions. Cognitive ability of all participants was assessed by Montreal cognitive assessment (MOCA). Patterns were analyzed for specific lobes and locations in the cerebellum. We found that simultaneous cerebellar activation is a consistent finding with brain activation during every functional MRI task that we tested except visual task. The patterns of functional MRI cerebellar activation were similar in both patient subgroups and control subjects compared to previously described patterns in normal subjects. Clin. Anat. 32:1053–1060, 2019.
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