Fundamental properties of kepler planet-candidate host stars using asteroseismology

Daniel Huber, William J. Chaplin, Jørgen Christensen-Dalsgaard, Ronald L. Gilliland, Hans Kjeldsen, Lars A. Buchhave, Debra A. Fischer, Jack J. Lissauer, Jason F. Rowe, Roberto Sanchis-Ojeda, Sarbani Basu, Rasmus Handberg, Saskia Hekker, Andrew W. Howard, Howard Isaacson, Christoffer Karoff, David W. Latham, Mikkel N. Lund, Mia Lundkvist, Geoffrey W. MarcyAndrea Miglio, Victor Silva Aguirre, Dennis Stello, Torben Arentoft, Thomas Barclay, Timothy R. Bedding, Christopher J. Burke, Jessie L. Christiansen, Yvonne P. Elsworth, Michael R. Haas, Steven D. Kawaler, Travis S. Metcalfe, Fergal Mullally, Susan E. Thompson

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Abstract

We have used asteroseismology to determine fundamental properties for 66 Kepler planet-candidate host stars, with typical uncertainties of 3% and 7% in radius and mass, respectively. The results include new asteroseismic solutions for four host stars with confirmed planets (Kepler-4, Kepler-14, Kepler-23 and Kepler-25) and increase the total number of Kepler host stars with asteroseismic solutions to 77. A comparison with stellar properties in the planet-candidate catalog by Batalha et al. shows that radii for subgiants and giants obtained from spectroscopic follow-up are systematically too low by up to a factor of 1.5, while the properties for unevolved stars are in good agreement. We furthermore apply asteroseismology to confirm that a large majority of cool main-sequence hosts are indeed dwarfs and not misclassified giants. Using the revised stellar properties, we recalculate the radii for 107 planet candidates in our sample, and comment on candidates for which the radii change from a previously giant-planet/brown-dwarf/stellar regime to a sub-Jupiter size or vice versa. A comparison of stellar densities from asteroseismology with densities derived from transit models in Batalha et al. assuming circular orbits shows significant disagreement for more than half of the sample due to systematics in the modeled impact parameters or due to planet candidates that may be in eccentric orbits. Finally, we investigate tentative correlations between host-star masses and planet-candidate radii, orbital periods, and multiplicity, but caution that these results may be influenced by the small sample size and detection biases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number127
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume767
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 20 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Huber, D., Chaplin, W. J., Christensen-Dalsgaard, J., Gilliland, R. L., Kjeldsen, H., Buchhave, L. A., Fischer, D. A., Lissauer, J. J., Rowe, J. F., Sanchis-Ojeda, R., Basu, S., Handberg, R., Hekker, S., Howard, A. W., Isaacson, H., Karoff, C., Latham, D. W., Lund, M. N., Lundkvist, M., ... Thompson, S. E. (2013). Fundamental properties of kepler planet-candidate host stars using asteroseismology. Astrophysical Journal, 767(2), [127]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/767/2/127