Two‐dimensional echocardiography has been found to be an effective clinical tool in diagnosing intracardiac thrombi. Misdiagnosis may, however, still frequently occur because of the difficulty in differentiating the thrombi from other intracavitary masses based only on the echographic appearance of these structures. Ultrasonic tissue characterization techniques have been used in attempts to minimize this diagnostic uncertainty. Previously. we have shown that all ultrasonic parameters of blood, including ultrasonic backscatter, a quantitative measure of echogenicity, at 7.5 MHz increase rapidly following clotting. In this article, we report recent results on the measurements of attenuation and backscatter of thrombi as a function of time following clotting over the frequency range of 3 MHz to 8 MHz. These results indicate that ultrasonic backscatter from thrombi 12 h old is at least 18 dB higher than that of unclotted blood over the frequency range of 3 MHz to 8 MHz, and the slope of the attenuation coefficient is increased to 0.43 dR/cm‐MHz. Comparison with the back‐scatter of bovine myocardium shows that the myocardium is more echogenic than fresh thrombi and is less echogenic than thrombi 12 to 24 h old. Similar results were also obtained for integrated backscatter measurements over the same frequency range.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging