Fusarium wilt of chickpeas: Biology, ecology and management

Rafael M. Jiménez-Díaz, Pablo Castillo, Maria Del Mar Jimenez Gasco, Blanca B. Landa, Juan A. Navas-Cortés

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chickpeas provide high quality protein to large population sectors in South and West Asia, and the Mediterranean Basin. This crop has a significant role in farming systems as a substitute for fallow in cereal rotations. Fusarium wilt, caused by the soilborne fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris, has become a major factor limiting chickpea production worldwide. The pathogen long survival in soil and high pathogenic variability, with eight races 0, 1A, 1B/C, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 having been identified so far, are key elements in the development and management of the disease. Development and use of high-yielding cultivars resistant to the prevalent pathogen race(s) in a given area is the most practical and cost-efficient individual disease control measure for management of the disease. Use of seeds certified free from F.oxysporum f. sp. ciceris, sanitation and cropping practices to reduce inoculum in soil, choice of sowing site and time to reduce disease potential, and protection of healthy seeds with fungicides or biocontrol agents, would be of help for the management of Fusarium wilt in chickpea in the absence of high-yielding, well-adapted resistant chickpea cultivars. Molecular protocols are available for the characterization and monitoring of F.oxysporum f. sp. ciceris populations that would help in the implementation efficiency of these disease control measures. Improvement of these disease control measures may be further realized by combining slow-wilting cultivars within an integrated management strategy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-27
Number of pages12
JournalCrop Protection
Volume73
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

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chickpeas
Fusarium wilt
disease control
ecology
Biological Sciences
control methods
Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris
West Asia
high-yielding varieties
South Asia
pathogens
wilting
sanitation
cultivars
seeds
fallow
biological control agents
fungicides
soil
inoculum

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Jiménez-Díaz, R. M., Castillo, P., Jimenez Gasco, M. D. M., Landa, B. B., & Navas-Cortés, J. A. (2015). Fusarium wilt of chickpeas: Biology, ecology and management. Crop Protection, 73, 16-27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2015.02.023
Jiménez-Díaz, Rafael M. ; Castillo, Pablo ; Jimenez Gasco, Maria Del Mar ; Landa, Blanca B. ; Navas-Cortés, Juan A. / Fusarium wilt of chickpeas : Biology, ecology and management. In: Crop Protection. 2015 ; Vol. 73. pp. 16-27.
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Jiménez-Díaz, RM, Castillo, P, Jimenez Gasco, MDM, Landa, BB & Navas-Cortés, JA 2015, 'Fusarium wilt of chickpeas: Biology, ecology and management', Crop Protection, vol. 73, pp. 16-27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2015.02.023

Fusarium wilt of chickpeas : Biology, ecology and management. / Jiménez-Díaz, Rafael M.; Castillo, Pablo; Jimenez Gasco, Maria Del Mar; Landa, Blanca B.; Navas-Cortés, Juan A.

In: Crop Protection, Vol. 73, 01.07.2015, p. 16-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fusarium wilt of chickpeas

T2 - Biology, ecology and management

AU - Jiménez-Díaz, Rafael M.

AU - Castillo, Pablo

AU - Jimenez Gasco, Maria Del Mar

AU - Landa, Blanca B.

AU - Navas-Cortés, Juan A.

PY - 2015/7/1

Y1 - 2015/7/1

N2 - Chickpeas provide high quality protein to large population sectors in South and West Asia, and the Mediterranean Basin. This crop has a significant role in farming systems as a substitute for fallow in cereal rotations. Fusarium wilt, caused by the soilborne fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris, has become a major factor limiting chickpea production worldwide. The pathogen long survival in soil and high pathogenic variability, with eight races 0, 1A, 1B/C, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 having been identified so far, are key elements in the development and management of the disease. Development and use of high-yielding cultivars resistant to the prevalent pathogen race(s) in a given area is the most practical and cost-efficient individual disease control measure for management of the disease. Use of seeds certified free from F.oxysporum f. sp. ciceris, sanitation and cropping practices to reduce inoculum in soil, choice of sowing site and time to reduce disease potential, and protection of healthy seeds with fungicides or biocontrol agents, would be of help for the management of Fusarium wilt in chickpea in the absence of high-yielding, well-adapted resistant chickpea cultivars. Molecular protocols are available for the characterization and monitoring of F.oxysporum f. sp. ciceris populations that would help in the implementation efficiency of these disease control measures. Improvement of these disease control measures may be further realized by combining slow-wilting cultivars within an integrated management strategy.

AB - Chickpeas provide high quality protein to large population sectors in South and West Asia, and the Mediterranean Basin. This crop has a significant role in farming systems as a substitute for fallow in cereal rotations. Fusarium wilt, caused by the soilborne fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris, has become a major factor limiting chickpea production worldwide. The pathogen long survival in soil and high pathogenic variability, with eight races 0, 1A, 1B/C, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 having been identified so far, are key elements in the development and management of the disease. Development and use of high-yielding cultivars resistant to the prevalent pathogen race(s) in a given area is the most practical and cost-efficient individual disease control measure for management of the disease. Use of seeds certified free from F.oxysporum f. sp. ciceris, sanitation and cropping practices to reduce inoculum in soil, choice of sowing site and time to reduce disease potential, and protection of healthy seeds with fungicides or biocontrol agents, would be of help for the management of Fusarium wilt in chickpea in the absence of high-yielding, well-adapted resistant chickpea cultivars. Molecular protocols are available for the characterization and monitoring of F.oxysporum f. sp. ciceris populations that would help in the implementation efficiency of these disease control measures. Improvement of these disease control measures may be further realized by combining slow-wilting cultivars within an integrated management strategy.

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U2 - 10.1016/j.cropro.2015.02.023

DO - 10.1016/j.cropro.2015.02.023

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:84939979315

VL - 73

SP - 16

EP - 27

JO - Crop Protection

JF - Crop Protection

SN - 0261-2194

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